HealthStream, Inc.
HEALTHSTREAM INC (Form: 10-Q, Received: 11/09/2009 15:49:52)
Table of Contents

 
 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
     
    Quarterly Report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2009
Commission File No.: 000-27701
HealthStream, Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
     
Tennessee   62-1443555
     
(State or other jurisdiction of   (I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
incorporation or organization)    
     
209 10th Avenue South, Suite 450    
Nashville, Tennessee   37203
     
(Address of principal executive offices)   (Zip Code)
(615) 301-3100
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
     Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes þ No o
     Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes o No o
     Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
             
Large accelerated filer o   Accelerated filer o   Non-accelerated filer o   Smaller reporting company þ
        (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)    
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes o No þ
As of November 6, 2009, 21,573,850 shares of the registrant’s common stock were outstanding.
 
 

 


 

Index to Form 10-Q
HEALTHSTREAM, INC.
         
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  EX-31.1
  EX-31.2
  EX-32.1
  EX-32.2

 


Table of Contents

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1.   Financial Statements
HEALTHSTREAM, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
                 
    September 30,     December 31,  
    2009     2008  
    (Unaudited)          
ASSETS
               
Current assets:
               
Cash and cash equivalents
  $ 10,105,008     $ 4,106,612  
Restricted cash
    22,405       17,128  
Accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $210,852 and $106,542 at September 30, 2009 and December 31, 2008, respectively
    9,855,360       8,303,212  
Accounts receivable — unbilled
    1,427,594       1,669,356  
Prepaid royalties
    1,022,126       995,493  
Prepaid development fees, net of amortization
    441,659       375,866  
Deferred tax assets, current
    356,987       356,987  
Other prepaid expenses and other current assets
    1,190,664       1,038,116  
 
           
Total current assets
    24,421,803       16,862,770  
Property and equipment:
               
Equipment
    13,835,364       12,651,227  
Leasehold improvements
    2,004,822       1,990,532  
Furniture and fixtures
    1,652,015       1,579,592  
 
           
 
    17,492,201       16,221,351  
Less accumulated depreciation and amortization
    (14,297,562 )     (12,746,487 )
 
           
 
    3,194,639       3,474,864  
 
               
Capitalized software feature enhancements, net of accumulated amortization of $3,598,542 and $2,500,017 at September 30, 2009 and December 31, 2008, respectively
    4,140,916       4,392,780  
Goodwill
    21,146,864       21,146,864  
Intangible assets, net of accumulated amortization of $10,359,477 and $9,649,321 at September 30, 2009 and December 31, 2008, respectively
    4,027,665       4,737,821  
Deferred tax assets, noncurrent
    2,008,342       2,008,342  
Other assets
    491,362       173,441  
 
           
Total assets
  $ 59,431,591     $ 52,796,882  
 
           
 
               
LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
               
Current liabilities:
               
Accounts payable
  $ 1,235,733     $ 1,386,771  
Accrued liabilities
    3,334,121       2,556,102  
Accrued compensation and related expenses
    1,109,072       477,277  
Commercial support liabilities
    106,628       347,234  
Deferred revenue
    11,982,772       10,202,309  
Current portion of long term debt
    489,620       724,095  
Current portion of capital lease obligations
    10,445       20,592  
 
           
Total current liabilities
    18,268,391       15,714,380  
 
               
Long term debt, less current portion
          306,942  
Capital lease obligations, less current portion
    6,973       12,778  
Commitments and contingencies
           
 
               
Shareholders’ equity:
               
Common stock, no par value, 75,000,000 shares authorized; 21,573,850 and 21,382,055 shares issued and outstanding at September 30, 2009 and December 31, 2008, respectively
    96,085,591       95,320,889  
Accumulated deficit
    (54,929,364 )     (58,558,107 )
 
           
Total shareholders’ equity
    41,156,227       36,762,782  
 
           
Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity
  $ 59,431,591     $ 52,796,882  
 
           
See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.

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Table of Contents

HEALTHSTREAM, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME (UNAUDITED)
                 
    Three Months Ended September 30,  
    2009     2008  
Revenues, net
  $ 14,105,033     $ 13,661,771  
Operating costs and expenses:
               
Cost of revenues (excluding depreciation and amortization)
    5,407,778       5,153,442  
Product development
    1,620,165       1,530,954  
Sales and marketing
    2,624,805       3,121,707  
Other general and administrative expenses
    2,067,473       2,090,314  
Depreciation and amortization
    1,305,351       1,174,794  
 
           
Total operating costs and expenses
    13,025,572       13,071,211  
 
               
Income from operations
    1,079,461       590,560  
 
               
Other income (expense):
               
Interest and other income
    3,588       32,081  
Interest and other expense
    (12,637 )     (13,529 )
 
           
Total other income (expense)
    (9,049 )     18,552  
 
               
Income before income taxes
    1,070,412       609,112  
Income tax provision
    47,315        
 
           
Net income
  $ 1,023,097     $ 609,112  
 
           
 
               
Net income per share:
               
Basic
  $ 0.05     $ 0.03  
 
           
Diluted
  $ 0.05     $ 0.03  
 
           
 
               
Weighted average shares of common stock outstanding:
               
Basic
    21,464,317       21,407,222  
 
           
Diluted
    21,931,952       21,910,040  
 
           
See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.

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HEALTHSTREAM, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME (UNAUDITED)
                 
    Nine Months Ended September 30,  
    2009     2008  
Revenues, net
  $ 42,307,763     $ 38,096,466  
Operating costs and expenses:
               
Cost of revenues (excluding depreciation and amortization)
    15,903,678       14,543,854  
Product development
    4,602,008       4,145,917  
Sales and marketing
    7,940,101       8,372,805  
Other general and administrative expenses
    6,163,078       6,045,384  
Depreciation and amortization
    3,821,716       3,629,740  
 
           
Total operating costs and expenses
    38,430,581       36,737,700  
 
               
Income from operations
    3,877,182       1,358,766  
 
               
Other income (expense):
               
Interest and other income
    19,865       118,193  
Interest and other expense
    (31,869 )     (54,722 )
 
           
Total other income (expense)
    (12,004 )     63,471  
 
               
Income before income taxes
    3,865,178       1,422,237  
Income tax provision
    236,435       8,000  
 
           
Net income
  $ 3,628,743     $ 1,414,237  
 
           
 
               
Net income per share:
               
Basic
  $ 0.17     $ 0.06  
 
           
Diluted
  $ 0.17     $ 0.06  
 
           
 
               
Weighted average shares of common stock outstanding:
               
Basic
    21,409,725       21,818,473  
 
           
Diluted
    21,708,521       22,405,320  
 
           
See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.

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HEALTHSTREAM, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY (UNAUDITED)
NINE MONTHS ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2009
                                 
    Common Stock     Accumulated     Total Shareholders’  
    Shares     Amount     Deficit     Equity  
Balance at December 31, 2008
    21,382,055     $ 95,320,889     $ (58,558,107 )   $ 36,762,782  
 
                               
Net income
                3,628,743       3,628,743  
 
                               
Stock based compensation
          454,568             454,568  
 
                               
Exercise of stock options
    191,795       310,134             310,134  
 
                       
 
                               
Balance at September 30, 2009
    21,573,850     $ 96,085,591     $ (54,929,364 )   $ 41,156,227  
 
                       
See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.

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HEALTHSTREAM, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (UNAUDITED)
                 
    Nine Months Ended September 30,  
    2009     2008  
OPERATING ACTIVITIES:
               
Net income
  $ 3,628,743     $ 1,414,237  
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
               
Depreciation and amortization
    3,821,716       3,629,740  
Stock based compensation expense
    454,568       603,712  
Provision for doubtful accounts
    150,000       50,000  
Realized loss on disposal of property and equipment
    419       15,604  
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
               
Accounts and unbilled receivables
    (1,460,386 )     (1,249,871 )
Restricted cash
    (5,277 )     (93,666 )
Prepaid royalties
    (26,633 )     (538,837 )
Prepaid development fees
    (121,264 )     (109,452 )
Other prepaid expenses and other current assets
    (152,548 )     (148,867 )
Other assets
    69,996       137,431  
Accounts payable
    (683,696 )     (892,235 )
Accrued liabilities and accrued compensation and related expenses
    800,230       (118,141 )
Commercial support liabilities
    (240,606 )     (175,262 )
Deferred revenue
    1,780,463       1,496,517  
 
           
Net cash provided by operating activities
    8,015,725       4,020,910  
 
           
 
               
INVESTING ACTIVITIES:
               
Acquisition, net of cash acquired
          (9,194 )
Payments associated with capitalized software feature enhancements
    (846,661 )     (629,074 )
Purchases of property and equipment, net
    (923,433 )     (778,851 )
 
           
Net cash used in investing activities
    (1,770,094 )     (1,417,119 )
 
           
 
               
FINANCING ACTIVITIES:
               
Proceeds from exercise of stock options
    310,134       130,911  
Issuance of common stock to Employee Stock Purchase Plan
          112,440  
Repurchase of common stock
          (2,919,030 )
Payments on promissory note
    (541,417 )     (528,409 )
Payments on capital lease obligations
    (15,952 )     (107,964 )
 
           
Net cash used in financing activities
    (247,235 )     (3,312,052 )
 
           
 
               
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents
    5,998,396       (708,261 )
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
    4,106,612       3,599,346  
 
           
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
  $ 10,105,008     $ 2,891,085  
 
           
See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.

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HEALTHSTREAM, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
1. BASIS OF PRESENTATION
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“US GAAP”) for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, condensed consolidated financial statements do not include all of the information and footnotes required by US GAAP for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring accruals) considered necessary for a fair presentation have been included. All significant intercompany transactions have been eliminated in consolidation. Operating results for the nine months ended September 30, 2009 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending December 31, 2009.
The balance sheet at December 31, 2008 is consistent with the audited financial statements at that date but does not include all of the information and footnotes required by US GAAP for a complete set of financial statements. For further information, refer to the consolidated financial statements and footnotes thereto for the year ended December 31, 2008 (included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 27, 2009).
2. RECENT ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS
In December 2007, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued authoritative guidance for how an acquirer recognizes and measures in its financial statements the identifiable assets acquired, the liabilities assumed, contractual contingencies, any noncontrolling interest in the acquiree and the goodwill acquired. This guidance changes the accounting for acquisition-related restructuring cost accruals and the recognition of changes in the acquirer’s income tax valuation allowance, and no longer permits the capitalization of certain acquisition costs. In addition, this guidance establishes disclosure requirements to enable the evaluation of the nature and financial effects of the business combination. The guidance is effective prospectively, except for certain retrospective adjustments for deferred tax balances. The Company’s consolidated financial statements will be impacted by this accounting guidance in relation to business combination activities subsequent to January 1, 2009.
In December 2007, the FASB issued authoritative guidance on the accounting and reporting standards for ownership interests in subsidiaries held by parties other than the parent, the amount of consolidated net income attributable to the parent and to the noncontrolling interest, changes in a parent’s ownership interest, and the valuation of retained noncontrolling equity investments when a subsidiary is deconsolidated. The guidance also establishes disclosure requirements that clearly identify and distinguish between the interests of the parent and the interests of the noncontrolling owners. The Company adopted the guidance effective January 1, 2009. Since all of the Company’s subsidiaries are wholly owned, the adoption of the guidance did not have an effect on the Company’s financial position, results of operations, or cash flows.
In April 2008, the FASB issued authoritative guidance on the accounting requirements for goodwill and other intangible assets. This guidance amends the factors that should be considered in developing renewal or extension assumptions used to determine the useful life of a recognized intangible asset. The Company adopted the guidance effective January 1, 2009. The adoption of the guidance did not have a material effect on the Company’s financial position, results of operations, or cash flows.
In May 2009, the FASB issued authoritative guidance on subsequent events. This guidance establishes general standards of accounting for and disclosure of events that occur after the balance sheet date but before financial statements are issued or available to be issued. This guidance sets forth the circumstances under which an entity should recognize events or transactions occurring after the balance sheet date in its financial statements. The guidance requires the disclosure of the date through which an entity has evaluated subsequent events and the basis for that date, that is, whether that date represents the date the financial statements were issued or were available to be issued. This guidance is effective for interim or annual financial periods ending after June 15, 2009, and we adopted this guidance during the quarter ended June 30, 2009. The adoption of the guidance did not have a material effect on the Company’s financial position, results of operations, or cash flows.
In June 2009, the FASB issued the FASB Accounting Standards Codification™ and the Hierarchy of Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (the “Codification”). The Codification became the single official source of authoritative, nongovernmental US GAAP. The Codification did not change US GAAP but reorganizes the literature. The Codification is effective for interim and annual periods ending after September 15, 2009, and we adopted the Codification during the quarter ended September 30, 2009. The adoption of the guidance did not have an effect on the Company’s financial position, results of operations, or cash flows.

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HEALTHSTREAM, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
2. RECENT ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS (continued)
In September 2009, the FASB issued revised guidance on the accounting for revenue arrangements with multiple deliverables. The revised guidance changes when individual deliverables in a multiple element arrangement can be treated as separate units of accounting, and also changes the manner in which the transaction consideration is allocated across the separately identified deliverables. The revised guidance will be effective for the first annual reporting period on or after June 15, 2010, and may be applied retrospectively for all periods presented or prospectively to arrangements entered into or materially modified after the adoption date. Early adoption is permitted provided that the revised guidance is retroactively applied to the beginning of the year of adoption. We are currently assessing the potential impact of adopting the revised guidance on our financial position and results of operations.
3. INCOME TAXES
Income taxes are accounted for using the asset and liability method, whereby deferred tax assets and liabilities are determined based on the temporary differences between the financial statement and tax bases of assets and liabilities measured at tax rates that will be in effect for the year in which the differences are expected to affect taxable income. Management evaluates all available evidence, both positive and negative, to determine whether, based on the weight of that evidence, a valuation allowance is needed. Future realization of the tax benefit of an existing deductible temporary difference or carryforward ultimately depends on the existence of sufficient taxable income of the appropriate character within the carryback or carryforward period available under the tax law. There are four possible sources of taxable income that may be available under the tax law to realize a tax benefit for deductible temporary differences and carryforwards: 1) future reversals of existing taxable temporary differences, 2) future taxable income exclusive of reversing temporary differences and carryforwards, 3) taxable income in prior carryback year(s) if carryback is permitted under the tax law, and 4) tax-planning strategies that would, if necessary, be implemented to realize deductible temporary differences or carryforwards prior to their expiration. Management’s estimate of future taxable income is performed during the fourth quarter in connection with the Company’s annual budget process. Management reviews the realizability of its deferred tax assets each reporting period to identify whether any significant changes in circumstances or assumptions have occurred that could materially affect the realizability of deferred tax assets. As of September 30, 2009, the Company has established a valuation allowance of $10.6 million for the portion of its net deferred tax assets that are not more likely than not expected to be realized.
The Company’s effective tax rate for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2009 and 2008 is substantially less than the statutory rate because a significant portion of our taxable income has been offset through utilization of our net operating loss (“NOL”) carryforwards. Taxable income for the nine months ended September 30, 2009 has been applied towards our NOL carryforwards and resulted in a reduction of the valuation allowance of approximately $1.5 million. The Company’s effective tax rate could change in the future based on our projections of taxable income, changes in federal or state tax rates, or changes in state apportionment factors, as well as changes in the valuation allowance applied to the Company’s deferred tax assets.
4. STOCK BASED COMPENSATION
The Company currently maintains one stock incentive plan. The Company accounts for its stock based compensation plan using the fair-value based method for costs related to share-based payments, including stock options. The Company uses the Black Scholes option pricing model for calculating the fair value of awards issued under its stock based compensation plan. During the nine months ended September 30, 2009, the Company granted 289,000 stock options with a weighted average grant date fair value of $1.17. During the nine months ended September 30, 2008, the Company granted 498,000 stock options with a weighted average grant date fair value of $1.69. The fair value of stock based awards granted during the nine months ended September 30, 2009 and 2008 was estimated using the Black Scholes option pricing model, with the assumptions as follows:
                 
    Nine Months Ended
    September 30,
    2009   2008
Risk-free interest rate
    1.73 – 3.22 %     2.63 – 3.56 %
Expected dividend yield
    0.0 %     0.0 %
Expected life (in years)
  5 - 7 years   5 - 8 years
Expected forfeiture rate
    0-20 %     0-20 %
Volatility
    60 %     65 %
Total stock based compensation expense recorded for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2009 and 2008, which is recorded in the condensed consolidated statements of income, is as follows:

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HEALTHSTREAM, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
4. STOCK BASED COMPENSATION (continued)
                                 
    Three Months Ended     Nine Months Ended  
    September 30,     September 30,  
    2009     2008     2009     2008  
Cost of revenues (excluding depreciation and amortization)
  $ 8,299     $ 11,857     $ 21,790     $ 35,406  
Product development
    30,353       42,943       93,341       116,263  
Sales and marketing
    44,621       49,109       132,372       154,933  
Other general and administrative
    74,894       73,693       207,065       297,110  
 
                       
Total stock based compensation expense
  $ 158,167     $ 177,602     $ 454,568     $ 603,712  
 
                       
5. NET INCOME PER SHARE
Basic net income per share is computed by dividing the net income available to common shareholders for the period by the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted net income per share is computed by dividing the net income for the period by the weighted average number of common and common equivalent shares outstanding during the period. Common equivalent shares, composed of incremental common shares issuable upon the exercise of stock options and warrants, escrowed or restricted shares, and shares subject to vesting are included in diluted net income per share only to the extent these shares are dilutive. Common equivalent shares are dilutive when the average market price during the period exceeds the exercise price of the underlying shares. The total number of common equivalent shares excluded from the calculations of diluted net income per share, due to their anti-dilutive effect, was approximately 1.0 million and 1.8 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2009, respectively, and approximately 2.1 million and 2.0 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2008, respectively.
The following table sets forth the computation of basic and diluted net income per share for three and nine months ended September 30, 2009 and 2008:
                                 
    Three Months Ended     Nine Months Ended  
    September 30,     September 30,  
    2009     2008     2009     2008  
Numerator:
                               
Net income
  $ 1,023,097     $ 609,112     $ 3,628,743     $ 1,414,237  
 
                       
 
                               
Denominator:
                               
Weighted average shares outstanding:
                               
Basic
    21,464,317       21,407,222       21,409,725       21,818,473  
Employee stock options and escrowed shares
    467,635       502,818       298,796       586,847  
 
                       
Diluted
    21,931,952       21,910,440       21,708,521       22,405,320  
 
                       
 
                               
Net income per share:
                               
Basic
  $ 0.05     $ 0.03     $ 0.17     $ 0.06  
 
                       
Diluted
  $ 0.05     $ 0.03     $ 0.17     $ 0.06  
 
                       

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HEALTHSTREAM, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
6. BUSINESS SEGMENTS
The Company provides services to healthcare organizations, pharmaceutical and medical device companies, and other members within the healthcare industry. The Company’s services are primarily focused on the delivery of education and training products and services (HealthStream Learning), as well as survey and research services (HealthStream Research). The accounting policies of the segments are the same as those described in the summary of significant accounting policies in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2008.
The Company measures segment performance based on operating income (loss) before income taxes and prior to the allocation of certain corporate overhead expenses, interest income, interest expense, and depreciation. The following is the Company’s business segment information as of and for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2009 and 2008.
                                 
    Three Months Ended     Nine Months Ended  
    September 30,     September 30,  
    2009     2008     2009     2008  
Revenues
                               
Learning
  $ 9,477,749     $ 8,492,916     $ 27,786,872     $ 24,162,264  
Research
    4,627,284       5,168,855       14,520,891       13,934,202  
 
                       
Total net revenue
  $ 14,105,033     $ 13,661,771     $ 42,307,763     $ 38,096,466  
 
                       
 
                               
Income (loss) from operations
                               
Learning
  $ 2,438,703     $ 1,544,860     $ 6,927,080     $ 4,870,389  
Research
    567,089       725,938       2,427,436       1,727,416  
Unallocated
    (1,926,331 )     (1,680,238 )     (5,477,334 )     (5,239,039 )
 
                       
Total income from operations
  $ 1,079,461     $ 590,560     $ 3,877,182     $ 1,358,766  
 
                       
                 
    September 30, 2009     December 31, 2008  
Segment assets *
               
Learning
  $ 17,065,054     $ 16,027,451  
Research
    26,858,796       27,018,000  
Unallocated
    15,507,741       9,751,431  
 
           
Total assets
  $ 59,431,591     $ 52,796,882  
 
           
 
*   Segment assets include restricted cash, accounts and unbilled receivables, prepaid and other current assets, other assets, capitalized software feature enhancements, certain property and equipment, and intangible assets. Cash and cash equivalents are not allocated to individual segments, and are included within Unallocated. A significant portion of property and equipment assets are included within Unallocated.
7. SUBSEQUENT EVENTS
Management has evaluated subsequent events and transactions in consideration for disclosure of or recognition in the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements through November 9, 2009, the date which they were issued.
      

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Item 2.   Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Special Cautionary Notice Regarding Forward-Looking Statements
You should read the following discussion and analysis in conjunction with our condensed consolidated financial statements and related notes included elsewhere in this report and our audited consolidated financial statements and the notes thereto for the year ended December 31, 2008, appearing in our Annual Report on Form 10-K that was filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) on March 27, 2009 (the “2008 Form 10-K”). Statements contained in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q that are not historical fact are forward-looking statements that the Company intends to be covered by the safe harbor provisions for forward-looking statements contained in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Statements that are predictive in nature, that depend on or refer to future events or conditions, or that include words such as “anticipates,” “believes,” “could,” “estimates,” “expects,” “intends,” “may,” “plans,” “potential,” “predicts,” “ projects,” “should,” “will,” “would,” and similar expressions are forward-looking statements.
The Company cautions that forward-looking statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties, and other factors that may cause actual results, performance, or achievements to be materially different from any future results, performance, or achievements expressed or implied by the forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements reflect our current views with respect to future events and are based on assumptions and subject to risks and uncertainties. Given these uncertainties, you should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements.
In evaluating any forward-looking statement, you should specifically consider the information regarding forward-looking statements and the information set forth under the caption “Item 1A. Risk Factors” in our 2008 Form 10-K and the information regarding forward-looking statements in our earnings releases, as well as other cautionary statements contained elsewhere in this report, including the matters discussed in “Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates.” We undertake no obligation beyond that required by law to update publicly any forward-looking statements for any reason, even if new information becomes available or other events occur in the future. You should read this report and the documents that we reference in this report and have filed as exhibits to this report completely and with the understanding that our actual future results may be materially different from what we expect.
Overview
HealthStream’s services are focused on the professionals who work within healthcare organizations, and include the delivery of education and training products and services (“HealthStream Learning”), as well as survey and research services (“HealthStream Research”). HealthStream Learning products and services are used by healthcare organizations to meet a broad range of their training and assessment needs, while HealthStream Research products and services provide our customers valuable insight into measuring quality and satisfaction of patients, physicians, employees, and members of the community. Across both our HealthStream Learning and HealthStream Research segments, our customers include approximately 2,500 healthcare organization facilities (predominately acute-care facilities) throughout the United States.
The Company’s flagship learning product is the HealthStream Learning Center ® (“HLC”), our proprietary, Internet-based learning platform. We deliver educational and training courseware to our customers through the HLC platform. HealthStream Learning products and services are focused on education and training initiatives designed to reach hospital-based healthcare professionals, as well as physicians and medical device and pharmaceutical industry sales representatives.
HealthStream Research products and services include quality and satisfaction surveys, data analyses of survey results, and other research-based measurement tools focused on patients, physicians, employees, and members of the community. HealthStream Research services are designed to provide customers thorough analyses that provide insightful recommendations for change, benchmarking capabilities using our comprehensive databases, and consulting services to identify solutions based on their survey results. As a certified vendor designated by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services, we offer our customers HCAHPS ® (Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems) and HH-CAHPS ® (Home Health Care Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems) survey services.

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Key financial and operational indicators for the third quarter and first nine months of 2009 include:
    Revenues of $14.1 million in the third quarter of 2009, up 3% over the third quarter of 2008
    Net income of $1.0 million and EPS of $0.05 in the third quarter of 2009, up 68% from a net income of $609,000 and EPS of $0.03 in the third quarter of 2008
    Revenues of $42.3 million for the first nine months of 2009, up 11% over the first nine months of 2008
    Net income of $3.6 million and EPS of $0.17 for the first nine months of 2009, up 157% from a net income of $1.4 million and EPS of $0.06 for the first nine months of 2008
    New milestone: Over two million healthcare professional subscribers have now contracted to learn on our Internet-based HLC
Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates
Our condensed consolidated financial statements are prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“US GAAP”). These accounting principles require us to make certain estimates, judgments and assumptions during the preparation of our financial statements. We believe the estimates, judgments and assumptions upon which we rely are reasonable based upon information available to us at the time they are made. These estimates, judgments and assumptions can affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities as of the date of the financial statements, as well as the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the periods presented. To the extent there are material differences between these estimates, judgments or assumptions and actual results, our financial statements will be affected.
The accounting policies and estimates that we believe are the most critical in fully understanding and evaluating our reported financial results include the following:
    Revenue recognition
    Accounting for income taxes
    Product development costs and related capitalization
    Goodwill, intangibles, and other long-lived assets
    Allowance for doubtful accounts
    Accrual for service credits
    Stock based compensation
    Nonmonetary exchange of content rights and deferred service credits
In many cases, the accounting treatment of a particular transaction is specifically dictated by US GAAP and does not require management’s judgment in its application. There are also areas in which management’s judgment in selecting among available alternatives would not produce a materially different result. See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in our 2008 Form 10-K, which contains additional information regarding our accounting policies and other disclosures required by US GAAP. There have been no changes in our critical accounting policies and estimates from those reported in our 2008 Form 10-K.
Revenues and Expense Components
The following descriptions of the components of revenues and expenses apply to the comparison of results of operations.
Revenues. Revenues for our HealthStream Learning business segment consist of the provision of services through our Internet-based HLC, authoring tools, a variety of courseware subscriptions (add-on courseware), implementation and consulting services, maintenance of third party content, online sales training courses (RepDirect™), online training and content development, HospitalDirect ® , and a variety of other educational activities for physicians, nurses and other professionals within healthcare organizations. Revenues for our HealthStream Research business segment consist of quality and satisfaction surveys, data analyses of survey results, and other research-based measurement tools focused on patients, physicians, employees, and other members of the community.
Cost of Revenues (excluding depreciation and amortization). Cost of revenues (excluding depreciation and amortization) consists primarily of salaries and employee benefits, stock based compensation, employee travel and lodging, royalties paid by us to content providers based on a percentage of revenues, materials, outsourced phone survey support, contract labor, hosting costs, as well as other direct expenses associated with revenues. Personnel costs within cost of revenues are associated with individuals that facilitate product delivery, provide services, conduct, process and manage phone and paper-based surveys, handle customer support calls or inquiries, manage the technology infrastructure for our hosted applications, manage content and survey services, coordinate content maintenance services, and provide training or implementation services.

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Product Development. Product development expenses consist primarily of salaries and employee benefits, stock based compensation, software development costs before technological feasibility is achieved, costs associated with the development of content and expenditures associated with maintaining, developing and operating our training, delivery and administration platforms. In addition, product development expenses are associated with the development of new software feature enhancements and new products. Personnel costs within product development include our infrastructure, application development and quality assurance teams, product managers, and other personnel associated with content and product development.
Sales and Marketing Expenses. Sales and marketing expenses consist primarily of salaries, commissions and employee benefits, stock based compensation, employee travel and lodging, advertising, trade shows, promotions, and related marketing costs. Personnel costs within sales and marketing include our HealthStream Learning and HealthStream Research sales teams, strategic account management, and marketing personnel, as well as our account management group.
Depreciation and Amortization. Depreciation and amortization consist of depreciation of property and equipment, amortization of intangibles considered to have definite lives, amortization of content development fees, and amortization of capitalized software feature enhancements.
Other General and Administrative Expenses. Other general and administrative expenses consist primarily of salaries and employee benefits, stock based compensation, employee travel and lodging, facility costs, office expenses, fees for professional services, and other operational expenses. Personnel costs within general and administrative expenses include individuals associated with normal corporate functions (accounting, legal, human resources, administrative, internal information systems, and executive management) as well as personnel who maintain our accreditation status with various organizations.
Other Income/Expense. The primary component of other income is interest income related to interest earned on cash and cash equivalents. The primary component of other expense is interest expense related to a promissory note, capital leases and our revolving credit facility.
Three Months Ended September 30, 2009 Compared to Three Months Ended September 30, 2008
Revenues. Revenues increased approximately $443,000, or 3.2%, to $14.1 million for the three months ended September 30, 2009 from $13.7 million for the three months ended September 30, 2008. Revenues for 2009 consisted of $9.5 million, or 67% of total revenue, for HealthStream Learning and $4.6 million, or 33% of total revenue, for HealthStream Research. In 2008, revenues consisted of $8.5 million, or 62% of total revenue, for HealthStream Learning and $5.2 million, or 38% of total revenue, for HealthStream Research.
Revenues for HealthStream Learning increased $1.0 million, or 11.6%, over the third quarter of 2008. Revenues from our Internet-based subscription learning products increased by $1.3 million over the prior year quarter, and were comprised of revenue increases from the HLC of $769,000 and from courseware subscriptions of $518,000. Revenues from our Internet-based subscription products increased 18.4% over the prior year quarter due to a higher number of subscribers and more courseware consumption by subscribers. Our HLC subscriber base increased to 1,915,000 fully-implemented subscribers and 2,008,000 contracted subscribers at September 30, 2009 compared to 1,692,000 fully-implemented subscribers and 1,762,000 contracted subscribers at September 30, 2008. Revenues associated with implementation, development, and consulting services increased $170,000 over the prior year quarter due to increased courseware development service activity compared to the prior year. These increases in revenues were partially offset by a decline in revenues from live events, study guides, and other project-based activities, which collectively declined $316,000 from the third quarter of 2008 due to a de-emphasis on live events and other similar project-based services. The prior year quarter also included $180,000 of conference fee revenues associated with our annual customer conference known as the “Summit.” We did not conduct this customer event during 2009.
Revenues for HealthStream Research decreased $542,000, or 10.5%, compared to the third quarter of 2008. Revenues from recurring patient surveys increased by $297,000 over the prior year quarter, but were more than offset by the combined declines in revenue from employee, community and physician surveys. The revenue decline in these survey categories is primarily attributable to customer decisions to defer conducting the surveys based on budgetary, operational, and other considerations. Consequently, revenue fluctuations are more likely within these survey categories than patient surveys, which are conducted on continuous quarterly cycles.
Cost of Revenues (excluding depreciation and amortization). Cost of revenues increased approximately $254,000, or 4.9%, to $5.4 million for the three months ended September 30, 2009 from $5.2 million for the three months ended September 30, 2008. Cost of revenues as a percentage of revenues was 38.3% of revenues for the three months ended September 30, 2009 compared to 37.7% of revenues for the three months ended September 30, 2008. Cost of revenues for HealthStream Learning increased approximately $381,000 to $3.0 million and approximated 32.1% and 31.3% of revenues for the three months ended September 30, 2009 and 2008, respectively. The expense increase is primarily associated with increased royalties paid by us resulting from growth in courseware subscription revenues. Cost of revenues for HealthStream Research decreased approximately $127,000 to $2.4 million and approximated 51.1% and 48.2% of revenues for the three months ended September 30, 2009 and 2008, respectively. The decrease in cost of revenues for

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HealthStream Research is primarily the result of reduced revenues as well as operating efficiencies within our interviewing center compared to the same quarter in the prior year, while the increase as a percentage of revenues is a result of lower revenues associated with changes in revenue mix.
Product Development. Product development expenses increased approximately $89,000, or 5.8%, to $1.6 million for the three months ended September 30, 2009 from $1.5 million for the three months ended September 30, 2008. Product development expenses as a percentage of revenues were 11.5% and 11.2% of revenues for the three months ended September 30, 2009 and 2008, respectively.
Product development expenses for HealthStream Learning increased approximately $98,000 and approximated 14.6% and 15.1% of revenues for the three months ended September 30, 2009 and 2008, respectively. This expense increase resulted from additional personnel expenses associated with both product portfolio management and maintenance and support of our learning platform products. Product development expenses for HealthStream Research decreased approximately $9,000 and approximated 5.1% and 4.8% of revenues for the three months ended September 30, 2009 and 2008, respectively.
Sales and Marketing. Sales and marketing expenses, including personnel costs, decreased approximately $497,000, or 15.9%, to $2.6 million for the three months ended September 30, 2009 from $3.1 million for the three months ended September 30, 2008. Sales and marketing expenses approximated 18.6% and 22.8% of revenues for the three months ended September 30, 2009 and 2008, respectively. As previously disclosed, we elected not to hold our customer Summit during 2009, which contributed to essentially all of the decrease in sales and marketing expenses compared to the prior year third quarter.
Sales and marketing expenses for HealthStream Learning decreased $386,000 and approximated 18.5% and 25.2% of revenues for the three months ended September 30, 2009 and 2008, respectively. Sales and marketing expenses for HealthStream Research decreased approximately $138,000, and approximated 17.0% and 17.9% of revenues for the three months ended September 30, 2009 and 2008, respectively. The expense decrease for both HealthStream Learning and HealthStream Research resulted from lower marketing expenses resulting from not holding our annual customer Summit during 2009.
Other General and Administrative. Other general and administrative expenses were comparable between periods and approximated $2.1 million for both the three months ended September 30, 2009 and 2008. Other general and administrative expenses as a percentage of revenues decreased to 14.7% for the three months ended September 30, 2009 from 15.3% for the three months ended September 30, 2008. The percentage decrease is a result of maintaining the same level of expenses while generating the revenue increases mentioned above.
Other general and administrative expenses for HealthStream Learning decreased $57,000 compared to the prior year quarter, primarily due to lower employee recruiting fees. Other general and administrative expenses for HealthStream Research decreased approximately $109,000 compared to the prior year quarter, primarily due to lower consulting expenses. The unallocated corporate portion of other general and administrative expenses increased $143,000 over the prior year quarter, primarily associated with various overhead expenses to support the company's infrastructure.
Depreciation and Amortization. Depreciation and amortization increased approximately $131,000, or 11.1%, to $1.3 million for the three months ended September 30, 2009 from $1.2 million for the three months ended September 30, 2008. The increase resulted from depreciation expense associated with capital expenditures and amortization of capitalized software features.
Other Income (Expense). Other income (expense) decreased approximately $28,000 to an expense of $9,000 for the three months ended September 30, 2009 from income of $19,000 for the three months ended September 30, 2008. Interest income decreased $28,000 from the prior year quarter resulting from lower yield rates on cash and cash equivalents. Interest expense decreased modestly from the prior year quarter due to reductions in debt and capital lease balances, but was partially offset by higher interest expense under our revolving credit facility.
Provision for Income Taxes. The Company’s income tax provision primarily consists of the federal alternative minimum tax and state income taxes. Taxable income for 2009 is expected to be substantially offset by the utilization of our net operating loss carryforwards.
Net Income. Net income was approximately $1.0 million for the three months ended September 30, 2009, up from $609,000 for the three months ended September 30, 2008. Net income per share was $0.05 per share for the three months ended September 30, 2009, up from $0.03 per share for the three months ended September 30, 2008. This improvement is a result of the factors mentioned above.
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2009 Compared to Nine Months Ended September 30, 2008
Revenues. Revenues increased approximately $4.2 million, or 11.1%, to $42.3 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2009 from $38.1 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2008. Revenues for 2009 consisted of $27.8 million, or 66% of total revenue, for HealthStream Learning and $14.5 million, or 34% of total revenue, for HealthStream Research. In 2008, revenues consisted of $24.2 million, or 63% of total revenue, for HealthStream Learning and $13.9 million, or 37% of total revenue, for HealthStream Research.

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Revenues for HealthStream Learning increased $3.6 million, or 15.0%, over the first nine months of 2008. Revenues from our Internet-based subscription learning products increased by $3.8 million over the prior year period, and were comprised of revenue increases from the HLC of $2.1 million and from courseware subscriptions of $1.6 million. Revenues from Internet-based subscription products increased 18.2% over the prior year period due to an increase in the number of subscribers and more courseware consumption by subscribers. Our HLC subscriber base increased to 1,915,000 fully-implemented subscribers and 2,008,000 contracted subscribers at September 30, 2009 compared to 1,692,000 fully-implemented subscribers and 1,762,000 contracted subscribers at September 30, 2008. Revenues associated with implementation, development, and consulting services increased $1.0 million over the prior year period due to increased courseware development service revenues compared to the prior year. These increases in revenues were partially offset by a decline in revenues from live events, study guides, and other project-based activities, which collectively declined $1.2 million from the prior year period due to a de-emphasis on live events and other similar project-based services.
Revenues for HealthStream Research increased $587,000, or 4.2%, over the first nine months of 2008. Revenue from recurring patient surveys increased $1.2 million over the prior year period, but was partially offset by the revenue declines from both employee and physician surveys. The revenue decline in these survey categories is primarily attributable to customer decisions to defer conducting the surveys based on budgetary, operational, and other considerations. These factors can result in significant fluctuations of revenues between periods.
Cost of Revenues (excluding depreciation and amortization). Cost of revenues increased approximately $1.4 million, or 9.3%, to $15.9 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2009 from $14.5 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2008. Cost of revenues as a percentage of revenues was 37.6% of revenues for the nine months ended September 30, 2009 down from 38.2% of revenues for the nine months ended September 30, 2008. Cost of revenues for HealthStream Learning increased approximately $1.1 million to $9.0 million and approximated 32.2% and 32.6% of revenues for the nine months ended September 30, 2009 and 2008, respectively. The expense increase was primarily associated with increased royalties paid by us resulting from growth in courseware subscription revenues as well as increased costs to support the growth in implementation, development, and consulting revenues, and was partially offset by expense decreases associated with the declines in live events and other project-based revenues. Cost of revenues for HealthStream Research increased approximately $271,000 to $6.9 million and approximated 47.8% and 47.9% of revenues for the nine months ended September 30, 2009 and 2008, respectively. The increase in cost of revenues for HealthStream Research is primarily a result of the costs associated with increased survey volumes for our patient survey category compared to the prior year. Cost of revenues as a percentage of revenues was impacted favorably by improved operating efficiencies compared to the prior year, but was partially offset by the effect of lower revenues from the employee and physician survey categories.
Product Development. Product development expenses increased approximately $456,000, or 11.0%, to $4.6 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2009 from $4.1 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2008. Product development expenses as a percentage of revenues were 10.9% of revenues for both the nine months ended September 30, 2009 and 2008.
Product development expenses for HealthStream Learning increased approximately $459,000 and approximated 13.9% and 14.1% of revenues for the nine months ended September 30, 2009 and 2008, respectively. This expense increase resulted from additional personnel expenses associated with both product portfolio management and maintenance and support of our learning platform products. Product development expenses for HealthStream Research decreased approximately $3,000 and approximated 5.0% and 5.3% of revenues for the nine months ended September 30, 2009 and 2008, respectively.
Sales and Marketing. Sales and marketing expenses, including personnel costs, decreased approximately $433,000, or 5.2%, and approximated $7.9 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2009 compared to $8.4 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2008. Sales and marketing expenses approximated 18.8% and 22.0% of revenues for the nine months ended September 30, 2009 and 2008, respectively.
Sales and marketing expenses for HealthStream Learning decreased $120,000 and approximated 19.4% and 22.9% of revenues for the nine months ended September 30, 2009 and 2008, respectively. This expense decrease primarily resulted from lower marketing expenses associated with our decision not to conduct our annual customer Summit during 2009, but rather defer the event until 2010. This decrease was partially offset by expense increases associated with hiring additional sales personnel. Sales and marketing expenses for HealthStream Research decreased approximately $358,000, and approximated 15.9% and 19.2% of revenues for the nine months ended September 30, 2009 and 2008, respectively. This decrease resulted primarily from fewer sales and marketing personnel and related expenses when compared to the prior year. The unallocated corporate portion of sales and marketing increased $49,000 over the prior year due to additional personnel.
Other General and Administrative. Other general and administrative expenses increased approximately $118,000, or 1.9%, and approximated $6.2 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2009 compared to $6.1 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2008. Other general and administrative expenses as a percentage of revenues decreased to 14.6% for the nine months ended

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September 30, 2009 from 15.9% for the nine months ended September 30, 2008. The percentage decrease is a result of controlling expenses and the revenue increases mentioned above.
Other general and administrative expenses for HealthStream Learning increased $101,000 compared to the prior year period, primarily due to employee bonuses and bad debt expense. Other general and administrative expenses for HealthStream Research decreased slightly compared to the prior year period, but included expense increases associated with employee recruiting fees, employee bonuses, bad debt expense, and office expenses, and were offset by lower consulting expenses. The unallocated corporate portion of other general and administrative expenses increased modestly compared to the prior year period, but included expense increases associated with additional personnel and their related costs and employee bonuses, but was partially offset by lower stock based compensation, consulting expenses, facility costs, and employee recruiting fees.
Depreciation and Amortization. Depreciation and amortization increased approximately $192,000, or 5.3%, to $3.8 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2009 from $3.6 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2008. The increase resulted from depreciation expense associated with capital expenditures and amortization of capitalized software features.
Other Income (Expense). Other income (expense) decreased approximately $75,000 to an expense of $12,000 for the nine months ended September 30, 2009 from income of $63,000 for the nine months ended September 30, 2008. Interest income decreased $98,000 from the prior year period resulting from lower yield rates on cash and cash equivalents. Interest expense decreased $23,000 from the prior year period due to reductions in debt and capital lease balances.
Provision for Income Taxes. The Company’s income tax provision primarily consists of the federal alternative minimum tax and state income taxes. Taxable income for 2009 is expected to be substantially offset by the utilization of our net operating loss carryforwards.
Net Income. Net income was approximately $3.6 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2009, up from $1.4 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2008. Net income per share was $0.17 per share for the nine months ended September 30, 2009, up from $0.06 per share for the nine months ended September 30, 2008. This improvement is a result of the factors mentioned above.
Liquidity and Capital Resources
Net cash provided by operating activities was approximately $8.0 million and $4.0 million during the nine months ended September 30, 2009 and 2008, respectively. Our primary sources of cash were generated from receipts from the sales of our products and services. Our days sales outstanding (“DSO”) which we calculate by dividing the accounts receivable balance, excluding unbilled and other receivables, by average daily revenues for the quarter, approximated 64 days for the third quarter of 2009 compared to 62 days for the third quarter of 2008 and 58 days for the second quarter of 2009. The increase over both the prior year quarter and the second quarter of 2009 is due to slower payments from customers, primarily within HealthStream Research. The primary uses of cash to fund our operations for the nine months ended September 30, 2009 and 2008 included personnel expenses, sales commissions, royalty payments, payments for contract labor and other direct expenses associated with delivery of our products and services, and general corporate expenses. The increase in accounts receivable negatively impacted our cash flows from operations for both the nine months ended September 30, 2009 and 2008.
Net cash used in investing activities was approximately $1.8 million and $1.4 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2009 and 2008, respectively. The primary uses of cash for the nine months ended September 30, 2009 were associated with property and equipment purchases of $923,000 and capitalized software feature enhancements of $847,000. The primary uses of cash for the nine months ended September 30, 2008 were associated with property and equipment purchases of $779,000 and capitalized software feature enhancements of $629,000. These uses of cash were associated with technology investments in our platform products.
Cash used in financing activities was approximately $247,000 and $3.3 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2009 and 2008, respectively. The primary uses of cash for the nine months ended September 30, 2009 related to payments under a promissory note and capital lease obligations. The primary uses of cash for the nine months ended September 30, 2008 related to purchases of our common stock and payments under a promissory note and capital lease obligations. The primary source of cash from financing activities for the nine months ended September 30, 2009 resulted from proceeds associated with the exercise of employee stock options.
Our revenues increased and our operating income improved over the prior year period, and our balance sheet reflects positive working capital of $6.2 million at September 30, 2009 compared to $1.1 million at December 31, 2008. The improvement in working capital is primarily associated with increases in cash and cash equivalents resulting from the net cash provided by operating activities mentioned above. Current assets increased approximately $7.6 million during the first nine months of 2009 primarily due to increases in cash balances and accounts receivable, while current liabilities increased approximately $2.6 million during the first nine months of 2009 resulting primarily from increases in deferred revenue, accrued liabilities, and accrued compensation. Our primary source of liquidity was $10.1 million of cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash, and interest receivable. We also have a $15.0 million revolving credit facility loan agreement, all of which was available at September 30, 2009.

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We believe that our existing cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash, related interest receivable, cash generated from operations, and available borrowings under our revolving credit facility will be sufficient to meet anticipated cash needs for working capital, new product development and capital expenditures for at least the next 12 months. As part of our growth strategy, we review possible strategic alliances and acquisitions that complement our products and services. We anticipate that future strategic alliances and acquisitions, if any, would be effected through a combination of stock and cash consideration. We may need to raise additional capital through the issuance of equity or debt securities and/or borrowings under our revolving credit facility to finance any future acquisitions. The issuance of our stock as consideration for an acquisition would have a dilutive effect and could adversely affect our stock price. The credit markets have been experiencing extreme volatility and disruption, and we cannot assure you that if we need additional financing that it will be available on terms favorable to us, or at all. Failure to generate sufficient cash flow from operations or raise additional capital when required in sufficient amounts and on terms acceptable to us could harm our business, financial condition and results of operations.
Item 3.   Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk
We are exposed to market risk from changes in interest rates. We do not have any foreign currency exchange rate risk or commodity price risk. As of September 30, 2009, our outstanding indebtedness included a promissory note of approximately $490,000 and approximately $17,000 of capital lease obligations. We may become subject to interest rate market risk associated with any future borrowings under our revolving credit facility. The interest rate under the revolving credit facility is based on 30 Day LIBOR plus a margin of either 190 or 220 basis points determined in accordance with a pricing grid, but has a minimum interest rate of not less than three percent. We are also exposed to market risk with respect to our cash balances. At September 30, 2009, the Company had cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash, and related interest receivable totaling approximately $10.1 million. Current investment rates of return approximate 0.10%. Assuming a 0.10% rate of return on $10.1 million, a hypothetical 10% decrease in interest rates would decrease interest income and decrease net income on an annualized basis by approximately $1,000.
The above market risk discussion and the estimated amounts presented are forward-looking statements of market risk assuming the occurrence of certain adverse market conditions. Actual results in the future may differ materially from those projected as a result of actual developments in the market.
Item 4T.   Controls and Procedures
Evaluation of Controls and Procedures
HealthStream’s chief executive officer and principal financial officer have reviewed and evaluated the effectiveness of the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) promulgated under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the “Exchange Act”)) as of the end of the period covered by this Quarterly Report. Based on that evaluation, the chief executive officer and principal financial officer have concluded that HealthStream’s disclosure controls and procedures were effective to ensure that the information required to be disclosed by the Company in the reports the Company files or submits under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the Securities and Exchange Commission’s rules and forms, and the information required to be disclosed in the reports the Company files or submits under the Exchange Act was accumulated and communicated to the Company’s management, including its chief executive and principal financial officer, or persons performing similar functions, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.
Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
There was no change in HealthStream’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the period covered by this Quarterly Report that has materially affected, or that is reasonably likely to materially affect, HealthStream’s internal control over financial reporting.
PART II — OTHER INFORMATION
Item 6.   Exhibits
  (a)   Exhibits
  31.1 Certification of the Chief Executive Officer Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
 
  31.2 Certification of the Principal Financial Officer Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
 
  32.1 Certification Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as Adopted Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
 
  32.2 Certification Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as Adopted Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

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SIGNATURE
     Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
         
  HEALTHSTREAM, INC.
 
 
November 9, 2009  By:   /s/ Gerard M. Hayden, Jr.    
    Gerard M. Hayden, Jr.   
    Chief Financial Officer   

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HEALTHSTREAM, INC.
EXHIBIT INDEX
31.1   Certification of the Chief Executive Officer Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
31.2   Certification of the Principal Financial Officer Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
32.1   Certification Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as Adopted Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
 
32.2   Certification Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as Adopted Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

18

Exhibit 31.1
I, Robert A. Frist, Jr., certify that:
1. I have reviewed this quarterly report on Form 10-Q of HealthStream, Inc.;
2. Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;
3. Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;
4. The registrant’s other certifying officer and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:
a) Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;
b) Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;
c) Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and
d) Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and
5. The registrant’s other certifying officer and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):
a) All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and
b) Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.
         
     
Date: November 9, 2009  /s/ robert a. frist, Jr.    
  Robert A. Frist, Jr.   
  Chief Executive Officer   

 

         
Exhibit 31.2
I, Gerard M. Hayden, Jr., certify that:
1. I have reviewed this quarterly report on Form 10-Q of HealthStream, Inc.;
2. Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;
3. Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;
4. The registrant’s other certifying officer and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:
a) Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;
b) Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;
c) Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and
d) Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and
5. The registrant’s other certifying officer and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):
a) All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and
b) Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.
         
     
Date: November 9, 2009  /s/ Gerard M. Hayden, Jr.    
  Gerard M. Hayden, Jr.   
  Chief Financial Officer   
 

 

Exhibit 32.1
CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO
18 U.S.C. SECTION 1350,
AS ADOPTED PURSUANT TO
SECTION 906 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002
In connection with the Quarterly Report of HealthStream, Inc. (the “Company”) on Form 10-Q for the period ending September 30, 2009, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on the date hereof (the “Report”), Robert A. Frist, Jr., Chief Executive Officer of the Company, certifies, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, that:
  (1)   The Report fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934; and
  (2)   The information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of the Company.
         
     
  /s/ robert a. frist, Jr.    
  Robert A. Frist, Jr.   
  Chief Executive Officer   
  November 9, 2009   
 

 

Exhibit 32.2
CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO
18 U.S.C. SECTION 1350,
AS ADOPTED PURSUANT TO
SECTION 906 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002
In connection with the Quarterly Report of HealthStream, Inc. (the “Company”) on Form 10-Q for the period ending September 30, 2009, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on the date hereof (the “Report”), Gerard M. Hayden, Jr., Chief Financial Officer of the Company, certifies, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, that:
  (1)   The Report fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934; and
  (2)   The information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of the Company.
         
     
  /s/ Gerard M. Hayden, Jr.    
  Gerard M. Hayden, Jr.   
  Chief Financial Officer   
  November 9, 2009