HealthStream, Inc.
HEALTHSTREAM INC (Form: 10-Q, Received: 11/09/2007 16:21:02)
Table of Contents

 
 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
Quarterly Report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2007
Commission File No.: 000-27701
HealthStream, Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
     
Tennessee   62-1443555
     
(State or other jurisdiction of   (I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
incorporation or organization)    
     
209 10th Avenue South, Suite 450    
Nashville, Tennessee   37203
     
(Address of principal executive offices)   (Zip Code)
(615) 301-3100
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes þ No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, or a non-accelerated filer. See definition of “accelerated filer and large accelerated filer” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
Large accelerated filer o            Accelerated filer o            Non-accelerated filer þ
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes o No þ
As of November 8, 2007, 22,323,567 shares of the registrant’s common stock were outstanding.
 
 

 


 

Index to Form 10-Q
HEALTHSTREAM, INC.
         
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  EX-31.1 Certification of the CEO
  EX-31.2 Certification of the PFO.
  EX-32.1 Section 906 Certification of the CEO.
  EX-32.2 Section 906 Certification of the PFO.

 


Table of Contents

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements
HEALTHSTREAM, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
                 
    September 30,     December 31,  
    2007     2006  
    (Unaudited)          
ASSETS
               
Current assets:
               
Cash and cash equivalents
  $ 2,730,689     $ 10,725,780  
Investments in marketable securities
          1,700,000  
Restricted cash
    94,477       264,714  
Interest receivable
    15,561       68,435  
Accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $107,364 and $112,234 at September 30, 2007 and December 31, 2006, respectively
    7,674,175       6,518,624  
Accounts receivable — unbilled
    1,068,601       1,274,511  
Prepaid development fees, net of amortization
    1,027,596       1,055,135  
Other prepaid expenses and other current assets
    1,049,879       603,461  
 
           
Total current assets
    13,660,978       22,210,660  
Property and equipment:
               
Equipment and software licenses
    11,641,674       8,218,525  
Leasehold improvements
    1,800,633       1,773,701  
Furniture and fixtures
    1,560,468       1,091,494  
 
           
 
    15,002,775       11,083,720  
Less accumulated depreciation and amortization
    (10,272,544 )     (8,899,863 )
 
           
Total property and equipment, net
    4,730,231       2,183,857  
Capitalized software feature enhancements, net of accumulated amortization of $1,175,344 and $622,298 at September 30, 2007 and December 31, 2006, respectively
    4,119,454       2,572,111  
Goodwill
    19,021,864       10,317,393  
Intangible assets, net of accumulated amortization of $8,585,159 and $7,756,161 at September 30, 2007 and December 31, 2006, respectively
    7,926,983       2,755,981  
Other assets
    500,100       968,484  
 
           
Total assets
  $ 49,959,610     $ 41,008,486  
 
           
 
               
LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
               
Current liabilities:
               
Accounts payable
  $ 734,592     $ 1,616,105  
Accrued liabilities
    2,696,818       2,465,123  
Accrued compensation and related expenses
    675,654       874,064  
Registration liabilities
    77,658       240,399  
Commercial support liabilities
    239,246       315,210  
Deferred revenue
    10,441,287       5,375,625  
Current portion of long term debt
    643,225        
Current portion of capital lease obligations
    144,975       176,574  
 
           
Total current liabilities
    15,653,455       11,063,100  
 
               
Long term debt, less current portion
    1,268,516        
Capital lease obligations, less current portion
    44,975       106,780  
Other long term liabilities
    295,834       204,167  
Commitments and contingencies
           
Shareholders’ equity:
               
Common stock, no par value, 75,000,000 shares authorized; 22,303,567 and 21,928,687 shares issued and outstanding at September 30, 2007 and December 31, 2006, respectively
    96,988,667       95,134,550  
Accumulated deficit
    (64,291,837 )     (65,500,111 )
 
           
Total shareholders’ equity
    32,696,830       29,634,439  
 
           
Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity
  $ 49,959,610     $ 41,008,486  
 
           
See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.


Table of Contents

HEALTHSTREAM, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS (UNAUDITED)
                 
    Three Months Ended September 30,  
    2007     2006  
Revenues, net
  $ 11,809,386     $ 7,480,532  
Operating costs and expenses:
               
Cost of revenues (excluding depreciation and amortization)
    4,336,478       2,378,223  
Product development
    1,165,352       891,188  
Sales and marketing
    2,293,777       1,647,892  
Depreciation
    560,118       374,946  
Amortization of intangibles, content fees and software feature enhancements
    756,925       384,504  
Other general and administrative expenses
    1,966,715       1,509,354  
 
           
Total operating costs and expenses
    11,079,365       7,186,107  
 
               
Income from operations
    730,021       294,425  
Other income (expense):
               
Interest and other income
    47,791       175,414  
Interest and other expense
    (21,296 )     (9,936 )
 
           
Total other income
    26,495       165,478  
 
               
Income before income taxes
    756,516       459,903  
Income tax provision (benefit)
    17,500       (14,436 )
 
           
Net income
  $ 739,016     $ 474,339  
 
           
 
               
Net income per share:
               
Basic
  $ 0.03     $ 0.02  
 
           
Diluted
  $ 0.03     $ 0.02  
 
           
 
               
Weighted average shares of common stock outstanding:
               
Basic
    22,025,285       21,618,616  
 
           
Diluted
    22,664,432       22,363,500  
 
           
See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.


Table of Contents

HEALTHSTREAM, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS (UNAUDITED)
                 
    Nine Months Ended September 30,  
    2007     2006  
Revenues, net
  $ 31,957,293     $ 23,226,872  
Operating costs and expenses:
               
Cost of revenues (excluding depreciation and amortization)
    11,610,738       8,114,882  
Product development
    3,344,231       2,617,556  
Sales and marketing
    6,848,837       5,309,726  
Depreciation
    1,392,610       1,039,589  
Amortization of intangibles, content fees and software feature enhancements
    1,978,579       1,030,842  
Other general and administrative expenses
    5,735,256       4,142,906  
 
           
Total operating costs and expenses
    30,910,251       22,255,501  
 
               
Income from operations
    1,047,042       971,371  
Other income (expense):
               
Interest and other income
    229,756       480,102  
Interest and other expense
    (42,158 )     (27,924 )
 
           
Total other income
    187,598       452,178  
 
               
Income before income taxes
    1,234,640       1,423,549  
Income tax provision
    26,366       2,064  
 
           
Net income
  $ 1,208,274     $ 1,421,485  
 
           
 
               
Net income per share:
               
Basic
  $ 0.05     $ 0.07  
 
           
Diluted
  $ 0.05     $ 0.06  
 
           
 
               
Weighted average shares of common stock outstanding:
               
Basic
    21,977,145       21,459,321  
 
           
Diluted
    22,683,030       22,323,903  
 
           
See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.


Table of Contents

HEALTHSTREAM, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY (UNAUDITED)
NINE MONTHS ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2007
                                 
    Common Stock     Accumulated     Total Shareholders’  
    Shares     Amount     Deficit     Equity  
Balance at December 31, 2006
    21,928,687     $ 95,134,550     $ (65,500,111 )   $ 29,634,439  
Net income
                1,208,274       1,208,274  
Issuance of common stock in acquisition
    252,616       960,170             960,170  
Issuance of common stock to Employee Stock Purchase Plan
    37,685       121,723             121,723  
Stock based compensation
          581,047             581,047  
Exercise of stock options
    84,579       191,177             191,177  
 
                       
Balance at September 30, 2007
    22,303,567     $ 96,988,667     $ (64,291,837 )   $ 32,696,830  
 
                       
See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.


Table of Contents

HEALTHSTREAM, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (UNAUDITED)
                 
    Nine Months Ended September 30,  
    2007     2006  
OPERATING ACTIVITIES:
               
Net income
  $ 1,208,274     $ 1,421,485  
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
               
Depreciation
    1,392,610       1,039,590  
Amortization of intangibles, content fees, and software feature enhancements
    1,978,579       1,030,842  
Stock based compensation
    581,047       543,714  
Provision for doubtful accounts
    30,000        
Realized loss on disposal of property & equipment
     844        621  
Changes in operating assets and liabilities, net of acquisition:
               
Accounts and unbilled receivables
    865,854       (18,490 )
Restricted cash
    170,237       127,018  
Interest receivable
    52,874       (2,968 )
Prepaid development fees
    (477,329 )     (607,227 )
Other prepaid expenses and other current assets
    (307,469 )     (159,423 )
Other assets
    593,345       (151,782 )
Accounts payable
    (881,513 )     (48,247 )
Accrued liabilities and accrued compensation and related expenses
    (538,845 )     201,866  
Registration liabilities
    (162,741 )     (136,106 )
Commercial support liabilities
    (75,964 )     (864,118 )
Deferred revenue
    1,171,627       745,038  
 
           
Net cash provided by operating activities
    5,601,430       3,121,813  
 
               
INVESTING ACTIVITIES:
               
Acquisition, net of cash acquired
    (12,084,278 )      
Proceeds from maturities and sales of investments in marketable securities
    2,500,000       12,785,000  
Purchase of investments in marketable securities
    (800,000 )     (12,703,816 )
Payments associated with capitalized software feature enhancements
    (2,100,390 )     (1,369,020 )
Purchase of property and equipment
    (1,056,217 )     (1,012,210 )
 
           
Net cash used in investing activities
    (13,540,885 )     (2,300,046 )
 
               
FINANCING ACTIVITIES:
               
Issuance of common stock to Employee Stock Purchase Plan
    121,723       162,083  
Proceeds from exercise of stock options
    191,177       489,152  
Payments on promissory note
    (230,222 )      
Payments on capital lease obligations
    (138,314 )     (138,924 )
Borrowings under revolving credit facility
    1,500,000        
Payments under revolving credit facility
    (1,500,000 )      
 
           
Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities
    (55,636 )     512,311  
 
               
Net (decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents
    (7,995,091 )     1,334,078  
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
    10,725,780       5,726,151  
 
           
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
  $ 2,730,689     $ 7,060,229  
 
           
 
               
NON-CASH INVESTING AND FINANCING ACTIVITIES:
               
Issuance of common stock in connection with acquisition of company
  $ 960,170     $  
 
           
Capital lease obligations incurred
  $     $ 88,067  
 
           
Acquisition of content rights in exchange for future services
  $ 191,667     $ 904,167  
 
           
Purchase of property and equipment through issuance of long term debt
  $ 2,141,963     $  
 
           
 
               
Effects of acquisition:
               
Estimated fair value of tangible assets acquired
  $ 2,856,480     $  
Estimated fair value of liabilities assumed
    (4,419,409 )      
Purchase price in excess of net tangible assets acquired
    14,704,471        
Less fair value of stock issued
    (960,170 )      
 
           
Cash paid
    12,181,372        
Less cash acquired
    (97,094 )      
 
           
Net cash paid for acquisition
  $ 12,084,278     $  
 
           
See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.


Table of Contents

HEALTHSTREAM, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
1. BASIS OF PRESENTATION
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, condensed consolidated financial statements do not include all of the information and footnotes required by generally accepted accounting principles for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring accruals) considered necessary for a fair presentation have been included. All significant intercompany transactions have been eliminated in consolidation. Operating results for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2007 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending December 31, 2007.
The balance sheet at December 31, 2006 is consistent with the audited financial statements at that date but does not include all of the information and footnotes required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States for a complete set of financial statements. For further information, refer to the consolidated financial statements and footnotes thereto for the year ended December 31, 2006 (included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2006, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission).
2. RECENT ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS
On September 15, 2006, the FASB issued, SFAS No. 157, “Fair Value Measurements.”  The standard provides guidance for using fair value to measure assets and liabilities and applies whenever other standards require (or permit) assets or liabilities to be measured at fair value.  The standard does not expand the use of fair value in any new circumstances.  SFAS No. 157 is effective for financial statements issued for fiscal years beginning after November 15, 2007.  Management is in the process of evaluating the impact of this new standard on the Company’s financial position and results of operations.
In February 2007, the FASB issued SFAS No. 159, “The Fair Value Option for Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities.” This new standard provides companies with an option to report selected financial assets and liabilities at fair value. Generally accepted accounting principles have required different measurement attributes for different assets and liabilities that can create artificial volatility in earnings. The FASB believes that Statement 159 helps to mitigate this type of accounting-induced volatility by enabling companies to report related assets and liabilities at fair value, which would likely reduce the need for companies to comply with detailed rules for hedge accounting. Statement 159 also establishes presentation and disclosure requirements designed to facilitate comparisons between companies that choose different measurement attributes for similar types of assets and liabilities. The new Statement does not eliminate disclosure requirements included in other accounting standards, including requirements for disclosures about fair value measurements included in SFAS No. 157 and No. 107. This Statement is effective beginning January 1, 2008 for the Company, with early adoption permitted under certain circumstances. Management is currently evaluating the impact that adoption of SFAS No. 159 will have on the Company’s financial position and results of operations.
3. INCOME TAXES
In June 2006, the Financial Accounting Standards Board issued FASB Interpretation No. 48, “Accounting for Uncertainty in Income Taxes — an interpretation of FASB Statement No. 109” (“FIN 48”). This Interpretation clarifies the accounting for uncertainty in income taxes recognized in the financial statements, and requires companies to use a more-likely-than-not recognition threshold based on the technical merits of the tax position taken. Tax positions that meet the more-likely-than-not recognition threshold should be measured in order to determine the tax benefit to be recognized in the financial statements. The Company adopted the provisions of FIN 48 effective January 1, 2007. The Company has established a full valuation allowance for net deferred tax assets in order to reduce deferred tax assets to amounts that are more likely than not expected to be realized. At September 30, 2007, the Company has net deferred tax assets of approximately $17.6 million, which includes approximately $14.6 million related to net operating loss carryforwards (NOLs). Our NOL carryforwards are subject to annual limitations under Internal Revenue Code Section 382. The annual limitations could result in the expiration of the NOL and tax credit carryforwards before they are fully utilized. The Company maintained a full valuation allowance for these deferred tax assets as of September 30, 2007. When the Company achieves sustained and predictable profitability consistent with the ability to predict and realize a benefit associated with these NOLs, we will recognize the portion of the benefit associated with such NOLs that is more likely than not to be realized. To the extent management believes the Company could not reasonably realize such amounts, a full valuation allowance will be maintained. The Company historically has expensed any penalties or interest associated with tax obligations as general and administrative expenses and interest expense, respectively. As of December 31, 2006 and September 30, 2007, the Company’s statement of financial position did not reflect any accrued penalties or interest associated with income tax uncertainties. The Company is subject to income taxation at the federal and various state levels. The Company is subject to U.S. federal tax examinations for tax years through 2006, subject to the statute of limitations. The Company has no income tax examinations in process.


Table of Contents

HEALTHSTREAM, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
4. STOCK BASED COMPENSATION
The Company maintains two stock incentive plans and an Employee Stock Purchase Plan. We account for our stock based compensation plans under the provisions of SFAS No. 123(R), “Share-Based Payments.” We use the Black Scholes option pricing model for calculating the fair value of awards issued under our stock based compensation plans. During the nine months ended September 30, 2007, we granted 490,000 stock options with a weighted average grant date fair value of $2.46. During the nine months ended September 30, 2006, we granted 516,420 stock options with a weighted average grant date fair value of $1.97. Through September 30, 2007, actual stock option forfeitures exceeded our estimates, therefore we revised the forfeiture rate assumptions for certain option grants to reflect both actual and expected future forfeiture experience. This change in estimate resulted in a cumulative reduction to share-based compensation expense of approximately $75,000 which was recorded during the third quarter of 2007. In addition, the change in estimate is expected to result in a reduction of unrecognized share based compensation related to non-vested stock options, net of estimated forfeitures, of approximately $146,000. The fair value of stock based awards granted during the nine months ended September 30, 2007 and 2006 was estimated using the Black Scholes option pricing model, with the assumptions as follows:
                 
    Nine Months Ended
    September 30,
    2007   2006
Risk-free interest rate
    4.45–4.80 %     4.55–5.07 %
Expected dividend yield
    0.0 %     0.0 %
Expected life (in years)
    5 to 8       5 to 8  
Expected forfeiture rate
    0-30 %     0-30 %
Volatility
    75 %     75 %
Total stock based compensation expense recorded for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2007 and 2006, which is recorded in our statements of operations, is as follows:
                                 
    Three Months Ended     Nine Months Ended  
    September 30,     September 30,  
    2007     2006     2007     2006  
Cost of revenues (excluding depreciation and amortization)
  $ 9,019     $ 12,587     $ 36,571     $ 42,346  
Product development
    19,646       32,767       110,445       104,431  
Sales and marketing
    37,254       30,178       125,922       95,538  
Other general and administrative
    27,561       90,549       308,109       301,399  
 
                       
Total stock based compensation expense
  $ 93,480     $ 166,081     $ 581,047     $ 543,714  
 
                       
5. BUSINESS COMBINATION
On March 12, 2007, the Company acquired all of the stock of The Jackson Organization, Research Consultants, Inc. (TJO). TJO provides healthcare organizations a wide range of quality and satisfaction surveys, data analyses of survey results, and other research-based measurement tools. The acquisition of TJO complements our existing research business and expands our service offerings to the healthcare industry. Consideration paid to the seller of TJO included approximately $11.5 million in cash and 252,616 shares of our common stock. The Company also incurred direct, incremental expenses associated with the acquisition of approximately $673,000 through September 30, 2007, which are included in the table below in “purchase price in excess of net tangible assets acquired” and “cash paid.” Total cash paid of $12.2 million includes cash paid for TJO and direct expenses associated with the acquisition. All of the common stock shares issued in the acquisition are being held in an escrow account for eighteen months from the acquisition date, subject to any claims for indemnification pursuant to the stock purchase agreement. Of the cash consideration portion, approximately $1.6 million is being held in escrow pending satisfaction of certain items pursuant to the stock purchase agreement. During the quarter ended September 30, 2007, the TJO closing balance sheet was finalized and the working capital cash escrow of $200,000 was released, resulting in approximately $139,000 of the cash escrow being returned to the Company pursuant to the stock purchase agreement. The Company expects to incur additional expenses associated with the valuation of indefinite and finite lived intangible assets. The allocation of purchase price is preliminary and may be subject to change as a result of changes in estimated fair value of intangible assets and deferred revenue related to the acquired business. The preliminary allocation of purchase price is as follows:
         
Estimated fair value of tangible assets acquired
  $ 2,856,480  
Estimated fair value of liabilities assumed
    (4,419,409 )
Purchase price in excess of net tangible assets acquired
    14,704,471  
Less fair value of stock issued
    (960,170 )
 
     
Cash paid
    12,181,372  
Less cash acquired
    (97,094 )
 
     
Net cash paid for acquisition, including expenses
  $ 12,084,278  
 
     


Table of Contents

HEALTHSTREAM, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
5. BUSINESS COMBINATION (continued)
The Company is currently in the process of determining the composition and valuation of indefinite and finite lived intangible assets, therefore amounts recorded for goodwill and intangible assets at September 30, 2007, of $8,704,471 and $6,000,000, respectively, are subject to change. In the event a change in the estimated value associated with finite lived intangible assets occurs, amortization expense will be cumulatively adjusted in the period of the change.
Currently TJO delivers survey results to customers via internet-based reporting throughout the survey period or by providing final survey results once all services are complete. Revenues for TJO’s survey and reporting services, which are provided through the use of internet-based reporting methodologies, are recognized using the proportional performance method, consistent with SEC Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 104, “Revenue Recognition,” reflecting recognition throughout the service period which corresponds with the survey cycle and reporting access by the customer, which typically approximates five months. Revenues for TJO’s survey and reporting services, which include delivery of survey results to the customer when all services are completed, are recognized upon completion. All other revenues are recognized as the related services are performed or products are delivered to the customer. The results of operations for TJO have been included in the Company’s statement of operations beginning March 12, 2007.
The following unaudited combined results of operations give effect to the operations of TJO as if the acquisition had occurred as of January 1, 2006. These unaudited combined results of operations include certain adjustments arising from the acquisition such as adjustment for TJO shareholder compensation, amortization of intangible assets, elimination of acquisition costs incurred by TJO, and the elimination of interest income associated with cash paid for TJO by the Company. The pro forma combined results of operations do not purport to represent what the Company’s results of operations would have been had such transactions in fact occurred at the beginning of the period presented or to project the Company’s results of operations in any future period.
                                 
    Three Months Ended     Nine Months Ended  
    September 30,     September 30,  
    2007     2006     2007     2006  
Revenues, net
  $ 11,089,386     $ 10,368,549     $ 34,507,432     $ 31,404,573  
 
                       
Net income
  $ 739,016     $ 270,147     $ 1,415,357     $ 1,019,428  
 
                       
Net income per share:
                               
Basic
  $ 0.03     $ 0.01     $ 0.06     $ 0.05  
 
                       
Diluted
  $ 0.03     $ 0.01     $ 0.06     $ 0.05  
 
                       
6. NET INCOME PER SHARE
Basic net income per share is computed by dividing the net income available to common shareholders for the period by the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted net income per share is computed by dividing the net income for the period by the weighted average number of common and common equivalent shares outstanding during the period. Common equivalent shares, composed of incremental common shares issuable upon the exercise of stock options and warrants, escrowed or restricted shares, and shares subject to vesting are included in diluted net income per share only to the extent these shares are dilutive. The total number of common equivalent shares excluded from the calculations of diluted net income per share, due to their anti-dilutive effect, was approximately 2.1 million and 2.0 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2007, respectively, and approximately 2.1 million 1.9 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2006, respectively.


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HEALTHSTREAM, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
6. NET INCOME PER SHARE (continued)
The following table sets forth the computation of basic and diluted net income per share for three and nine months ended September 30, 2007 and 2006:
                                 
    Three Months Ended     Nine Months Ended  
    September 30,     September 30,  
    2007     2006     2007     2006  
Numerator:
                               
Net income
  $ 739,016     $ 474,339     $ 1,208,274     $ 1,421,485  
 
                       
Denominator:
                               
Weighted average shares outstanding:
                               
Basic
    22,025,285       21,618,616       21,977,145       21,459,321  
Employee stock options and escrowed shares
    639,147       744,884       705,885       864,582  
 
                       
Diluted
    22,664,432       22,363,500       22,683,030       22,323,903  
 
                       
Net income per share:
                               
Basic
  $ 0.03     $ 0.02     $ 0.05     $ 0.07  
 
                       
Diluted
  $ 0.03     $ 0.02     $ 0.05     $ 0.06  
 
                       
7. BUSINESS SEGMENTS
We provide our services to healthcare organizations, pharmaceutical and medical device companies, and other members within the healthcare industry. Our services are primarily focused on the delivery of education and training products and services (HealthStream Learning), as well as survey and research services (HealthStream Research). HealthStream Learning products and services include our Internet-based HealthStream Learning Center ® , authoring tools, courseware subscriptions, online training and content development, online sales training courses, live events, HospitalDirect ® and other products focused on education and training to serve professionals that work within healthcare organizations.
Effective with the acquisition of TJO in March 2007, we launched HealthStream Research TM . HealthStream Research reflects the combination of Data Management and Research, Inc. (DMR) and TJO, which collectively provide a wide range of quality and satisfaction surveys, data analyses of survey results, and other research-based measurement tools focused on patients, employees, physicians, and members of the community. In addition, at that time, we changed our organizational structure, appointing a President of HealthStream Research who reports to our Chief Executive Officer (CEO). Our CEO is also our chief operating decision maker. During the first quarter of 2007, we began reporting and measuring performance based on the delivery of learning services and research services. Accordingly, we now disclose segment performance under the Learning and Research segments.
Our historical segments consisted of services provided to healthcare organizations and professionals (HCO) and services provided to pharmaceutical and medical device companies (PMD). We no longer manage our business based on the markets of our customer base. We have, therefore, reclassified prior period segment disclosures to conform to the current year presentation.
We measure segment performance based on operating income (loss) before income taxes and prior to the allocation of corporate overhead expenses, interest income, interest expense, and depreciation. The following is our business segment information as of and for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2007 and 2006.
                                 
    Three Months Ended     Nine Months Ended  
    September 30,     September 30,  
    2007     2006     2007     2006  
Revenues
                               
Learning
  $ 6,827,159     $ 5,807,600     $ 19,803,679     $ 18,443,786  
Research
    4,982,227       1,672,932       12,153,614       4,783,086  
 
                       
Total net revenue
  $ 11,809,386     $ 7,480,532     $ 31,957,293     $ 23,226,872  
 
                       
 
                               
Income (loss) from operations
                               
Learning
  $ 1,483,238     $ 1,396,079     $ 3,798,677     $ 3,953,680  
Research
    1,039,473       551,873       2,560,896       1,637,880  
Unallocated
    (1,792,690 )     (1,653,527 )     (5,312,531 )     (4,620,189 )
 
                       
Total income from operations
  $ 730,021     $ 294,425     $ 1,047,042     $ 971,371  
 
                       


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HEALTHSTREAM, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
7. BUSINESS SEGMENTS (continued)
                 
    September 30, 2007     December 31, 2006  
Segment assets
               
Learning *
  $ 15,117,660     $ 15,167,472  
Research *
    27,440,293       10,620,782  
Unallocated
    7,401,657       15,220,232  
 
           
Total assets
  $ 49,959,610     $ 41,008,486  
 
           
 
*   Segment assets include restricted cash, accounts and unbilled receivables, prepaid and other current assets, other assets, capitalized software feature enhancements, certain property and equipment, and intangible assets. Investments in marketable securities and cash and cash equivalents are not allocated to individual segments, and are included within Unallocated. A significant portion of property and equipment assets are included within Unallocated.
8. GOODWILL
We account for goodwill under the provisions of SFAS No. 142, “Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets.” On March 12, 2007, we acquired TJO. The amount of goodwill recorded as a result of the TJO acquisition represents a preliminary estimate at September 30, 2007. There were no changes in the carrying amount of goodwill during the nine months ended September 30, 2006.
                         
    Learning     Research     Total  
Balance at January 1, 2007
  $ 3,306,687     $ 7,010,706     $ 10,317,393  
Changes in carrying value of goodwill
          8,704,471       8,704,471  
 
                 
Balance at September 30, 2007
  $ 3,306,687     $ 15,715,177     $ 19,021,864  
 
                 
                         
    Learning     Research     Total  
Balance at January 1, 2006
  $ 3,306,687     $ 7,010,706     $ 10,317,393  
Changes in carrying value of goodwill
                 
 
                 
Balance at September 30, 2006
  $ 3,306,687     $ 7,010,706     $ 10,317,393  
 
                 
9. INTANGIBLE ASSETS
All identifiable intangible assets have been evaluated in accordance with SFAS No. 142 and are considered to have finite useful lives. The Company is in the process of finalizing the purchase price allocation and related evaluation of indefinite and finite lived intangible assets associated with the acquisition of TJO, thus the balances recorded at September 30, 2007 are preliminary and subject to change. Customer related intangible assets include contract rights, customer lists, and customer relationships associated with our acquisitions of DMR and TJO. Other intangible assets include non-competition agreements associated with the same acquired entities. Content intangible assets include courseware and content, and are fully amortized at September 30, 2007. During the first quarter of 2007, we recorded $5.5 million associated with TJO customer related intangibles and $0.5 million associated with TJO non-competition agreements. Intangible assets with finite lives are being amortized over their estimated useful lives, ranging from one to eight years. Amortization of intangible assets was $330,208 and $828,998 for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2007, respectively, and $127,083 and $381,249 for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2006, respectively.
Identifiable intangible assets are comprised of the following:
                                                 
    As of September 30, 2007     As of December 31, 2006  
            Accumulated                     Accumulated        
    Gross Amount     Amortization     Net     Gross Amount     Amortization     Net  
Customer related
  $ 11,840,000     $ (4,384,857 )   $ 7,455,143     $ 6,340,000     $ (3,687,243 )   $ 2,652,757  
Content
    3,500,000       (3,500,000 )           3,500,000       (3,500,000 )      
Other
    1,172,142       (700,302 )     471,840       672,142       (568,918 )     103,224  
 
                                   
Total
  $ 16,512,142     $ (8,585,159 )   $ 7,926,983     $ 10,512,142     $ (7,756,161 )   $ 2,755,981  
 
                                   
10. LONG TERM DEBT
During 2007, the Company financed the purchase of approximately $2.1 million in multi-year software licenses. As a result of this transaction, the Company entered into a promissory note loan agreement which is scheduled to be repaid in 36 payments, which are due on a monthly basis, beginning July 1, 2007. The promissory note bears interest at an annual rate of 2.32%, and is unsecured. The Company may not prepay the loan without consent from the lender, and if a prepayment request is granted by the lender, a prepayment fee may be assessed.

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Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Special Cautionary Notice Regarding Forward-Looking Statements
This Quarterly Report includes various forward-looking statements that are subject to risks and uncertainties. Forward-looking statements include without limitation, statements preceded by, followed by, or that otherwise include the words “believes,” “expects,” “anticipates,” “intends,” “estimates” or similar expressions. For those statements, HealthStream, Inc. claims the protection of the safe harbor for forward-looking statements contained in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995.
The following important factors, in addition to those discussed elsewhere in this Quarterly Report and in our Annual Report on Form 10-K, could affect our future financial results and could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed in forward-looking statements contained in this document:
    our ability to effectively implement our growth strategy, as well as manage growth of our operations and infrastructure, including effective integration of Data Management and Research, Inc. (DMR), The Jackson Organization, Research Consultants, Inc. (TJO), or other future acquisitions;
 
    fluctuation in quarterly operating results caused by a variety of factors including the timing of sales, subscription revenue recognition, customer contract renewals, and timing of survey cycles, as well as expenses associated with deployment of software feature enhancements, stock based compensation, marketing spending associated with our Annual Learning Summit and Annual Research Conference, and other factors;
 
    variability and length of our sales cycle;
 
    our ability to maintain and continue our competitive position against current and potential competitors;
 
    our ability to obtain proper distribution rights from content partners to support growth in courseware subscriptions;
 
    our ability to develop enhancements to our existing products and services, achieve widespread acceptance of new features, or keep pace with technological developments;
 
    the pressure on healthcare organizations and pharmaceutical/medical device companies to reduce costs to customers could result in financial pressures on customers to cut back on our services;
 
    loss of a significant customer and concentration of a significant portion of our revenue with a relatively small number of customers;
 
    our ability to accurately forecast results of operations due to certain revenue components being subject to significant fluctuations and an increase in the percentage of our business subject to renewal;
 
    our ability to achieve profitability on a consistent basis;
 
    our ability to resolve any issues with certain customers that have transitioned to the new version of our HealthStream Learning Center ® (HLC);
 
    our ability to adequately address our customers’ needs in products and services;
 
    our ability to adequately develop and maintain our network infrastructure, computer systems, software and related security;
 
    the effect of governmental regulation on us, our business partners and our customers, including, without limitation, changes in federal, state and international laws or other regulations regarding education, training and Internet transactions; and
 
    other risk factors detailed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2006, and other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission.
Overview
HealthStream’s services are focused on the professionals who work within healthcare organizations, and include the delivery of education and training products and services (HealthStream Learning), as well as survey and research services (HealthStream Research). HealthStream Learning products and services are used by healthcare organizations to meet a broad range of their training and assessment needs, while HealthStream Research products and services provide our customers information about patients’ experiences, workforce challenges, physician relations, and community perceptions of their services. Across both our Learning and Research segments, HealthStream’s customers include over 2,200 healthcare organization facilities (predominately acute-care facilities) throughout the United States and some of the top medical device and pharmaceutical companies.
We provide HealthStream Learning products and services to over 1,500 healthcare facilities. The Company’s flagship learning product is the HLC, our proprietary, Internet-based learning platform. We deliver educational and training courseware to our customers through the HLC platform. HealthStream Learning products and services are focused on education and training initiatives designed to reach hospital-

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based healthcare professionals, as well as physicians and medical device and pharmaceutical device industry sales representatives. We offer a variety of online educational and training courseware and also provide traditional seminar and paper-based educational activities. We also deliver Internet-based medical device training within hospitals through our HospitalDirect ® platform.
We provide HealthStream Research products and services to over 1,100 healthcare facilities. These products include quality and satisfaction surveys, data analyses of survey results, and other research-based measurement tools focused on patients, employees, physicians, and members of the community. We offer several survey methodologies, including paper-based surveys, phone-based surveys, and web-based surveys. As a certified vendor designated by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services, we offer our customers CAHPS ® (Consumer Assessment of Health Plan Survey) Hospital Survey services.
During the first quarter of 2007, we launched HealthStream Research TM and began reporting and measuring performance based on the delivery of learning services and delivery of research services. Accordingly, we are now disclosing segment performance under the Learning and Research segments.
Key financial and operational indicators for the third quarter of 2007 include:
    Revenues of $11.8 million in the third quarter of 2007, up 58% over the third quarter of 2006, including $3.0 million resulting from the TJO acquisition
 
    Net income of $739,000, or $0.03 per diluted share, in the third quarter of 2007, up from $474,000, or $0.02 per diluted share, in the third quarter of 2006
 
    1,457,000 healthcare professional subscribers fully implemented on our Internet-based learning network at September 30, 2007, up from 1,334,000 at September 30, 2006
 
    101,000 new healthcare professional subscribers contracted to use the HLC during the third quarter of 2007
 
    Approximately 95 percent of our subscriber base has transitioned to the new version of our HLC platform
Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates
Our condensed consolidated financial statements are prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (US GAAP). These accounting principles require us to make certain estimates, judgments and assumptions during the preparation of our financial statements. We believe the estimates, judgments and assumptions upon which we rely are reasonable based upon information available to us at the time they are made. These estimates, judgments and assumptions can affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities as of the date of the financial statements, as well as the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the periods presented. To the extent there are material differences between these estimates, judgments or assumptions and actual results, our financial statements will be affected.
The accounting policies and estimates that we believe are the most critical in fully understanding and evaluating our reported financial results include the following:
  o   Revenue recognition
 
  o   Product development costs and related capitalization
 
  o   Goodwill, intangibles, and other long-lived assets
 
  o   Allowance for doubtful accounts
 
  o   Accrual for service interruptions
 
  o   Stock based compensation
 
  o   Accounting for income taxes
 
  o   Nonmonetary exchange of content rights and deferred service credits
In many cases, the accounting treatment of a particular transaction is specifically dictated by US GAAP and does not require management’s judgment in its application. There are also areas in which management’s judgment in selecting among available alternatives would not produce a materially different result. See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2006 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission, which contains additional information regarding our accounting policies and other disclosures required by US GAAP. There have been no changes in our critical accounting policies and estimates from those reported in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2006, except for the required adoption of FIN 48 on January 1, 2007, as discussed in Note 3 of our Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements included in this quarterly report.

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Business Combination
The Jackson Organization, Research Consultants, Inc. On March 12, 2007, the Company acquired all of the issued and outstanding common stock of TJO. TJO provides healthcare organizations with quality and satisfaction surveys, data analyses of survey results, and other research-based measurement tools focused on patients, employees, physicians, and other members of the community. Consideration paid to the seller of TJO included approximately $11.5 million in cash and 252,616 shares of our common stock. As of September 30, 2007, the Company had incurred direct, incremental expenses associated with the acquisition of TJO of approximately $673,000. Total cash paid of $12.2 million includes cash paid for TJO and direct expenses associated with the acquisition. Approximately $1.6 million of the cash consideration is being held in escrow and will be released upon the resolution of matters and occurrence of future events. During the quarter ended September 30, 2007, the TJO closing balance sheet was finalized and the working capital cash escrow of $200,000 was released, resulting in approximately $139,000 of the cash escrow being returned to the Company pursuant to the stock purchase agreement. All of the common stock shares issued in the acquisition are held in an escrow account until September 2008 and are subject to any claims for indemnification pursuant to the stock purchase agreement. TJO’s results of operations have been included in the Company’s results in the Research business unit from the date of acquisition.
Revenues and Expense Components
The following descriptions of the components of revenues and expenses apply to the comparison of results of operations.
Revenues. Revenues for our Learning business segment consist of the provision of services through our Internet-based HLC, authoring tools, a variety of courseware subscriptions (add-on courseware), maintenance and support services for our installed learning management products, maintenance of content, live event development, online training and content development, online sales training courses (RepDirect™), live educational activities for nurses and other professionals conducted within healthcare organizations, continuing education activities at association meetings, and HospitalDirect. Revenues for our Research business segment consist of quality and satisfaction surveys, data analyses of survey results, and other research-based measurement tools focused on physicians, patients, employees, and other members of the community.
Cost of Revenues (excluding depreciation and amortization). Cost of revenues consists primarily of salaries and employee benefits, stock based compensation, employee travel and lodging, materials, outsourced phone survey support, contract labor, hosting costs, and other direct expenses associated with revenues as well as royalties paid by us to content providers based on a percentage of revenues. Personnel costs within cost of revenues are associated with individuals that facilitate product delivery, provide services, perform phone and paper surveys, handle customer support calls or inquiries, manage the technology infrastructure for our hosted applications, manage content and survey services, coordinate content maintenance services, and provide training or implementation services.
Product Development. Product development expenses consist primarily of salaries and employee benefits, stock based compensation, content acquisition costs before technological feasibility is achieved, costs associated with the development of content and expenditures associated with maintaining, developing and operating our training delivery and administration platforms. In addition, product development expenses are associated with the development of new software feature enhancements and new products. Personnel costs within product development include our systems team, product managers, and other personnel associated with content and product development and product portfolio management.
Sales and Marketing Expenses. Sales and marketing expenses consist primarily of salaries, commissions and employee benefits, stock based compensation, employee travel and lodging, advertising, trade shows, promotions, and related marketing costs. Annually, we host a national users’ group in Nashville known as “The Learning Summit,” and a separate conference for our Research customers, the costs of which are included in sales and marketing expenses. Personnel costs within sales and marketing include our sales and marketing team and strategic account management, as well as our account management group. Our account management personnel work to ensure that our products and services are utilized by our customers.
Depreciation and Amortization. Depreciation and amortization consist of fixed asset depreciation, amortization of intangibles considered to have definite lives, amortization of content or license fees, and amortization of capitalized software feature enhancements.
Other General and Administrative Expenses. Other general and administrative expenses consist primarily of salaries and employee benefits, stock based compensation, employee travel and lodging, facility costs, office expenses, fees for professional services, and other operational expenses. Personnel costs within general and administrative expenses include individuals associated with normal corporate functions (accounting, legal, human resources, administrative, internal information systems, and executive management) as well as accreditation professionals.
Other Income (Expense). The primary component of other income is interest income related to interest earned on cash, cash equivalents and investments in marketable securities. The primary component of other expense is interest expense related to capital leases, long term debt, and our revolving credit facility.

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Three Months Ended September 30, 2007 Compared to Three Months Ended September 30, 2006
Revenues. Revenues increased approximately $4.3 million, or 57.9%, to $11.8 million for the three months ended September 30, 2007 from $7.5 million for the three months ended September 30, 2006. Revenues for 2007 consisted of $6.8 million, or 58% of total revenue for HealthStream Learning and $5.0 million, or 42% of total revenue for HealthStream Research. In 2006, revenues consisted of $5.8 million, or 78% of total revenue for HealthStream Learning and $1.7 million, or 22% of total revenue for HealthStream Research. HealthStream Learning revenue growth of $1.0 million over the prior year quarter included $728,000 from our Internet-based subscription products, which includes revenue increases from the HLC of $375,000, courseware subscriptions and online training services (RepDirect™) of $285,000, and HospitalDirect™ of $68,000. Revenues from these products increased 15.3% over the prior year quarter and approximated $5.5 million for the third quarter of 2007. The remaining revenue growth came from custom online courseware development services which increased $330,000, and implementation and consulting services which increased $181,000 over the prior year third quarter. These revenue increases were partially offset by a decline in revenues from our live event business of $160,000. HealthStream Research revenue growth resulted primarily from the TJO acquisition which generated approximately $3.0 million of revenues for the third quarter of 2007. TJO revenues during the three months ended September 30, 2006, prior to our acquisition of TJO, and not included in our results of operations for the three months ended September 30, 2006, approximated $2.9 million. Our organic Research business, excluding the impact of the acquisition of TJO, experienced a 17.0% revenue increase over the prior year quarter.
We expect revenues for the fourth quarter of 2007 to approximate $12.0 million, an increase of approximately 40 percent over the same quarter in the prior year. We anticipate revenues will approximate 60 percent from HealthStream Learning and 40 percent from HealthStream Research. We expect revenues from HealthStream Learning to increase from both the same quarter of the prior year as well as increase compared to the third quarter of 2007 resulting from continued growth in our subscriber base and courseware subscriptions as well as additional HLC implementation and consulting services during the fourth quarter. We also expect HealthStream Research revenues to grow over the fourth quarter of 2006 with a significant portion of the increase associated with the acquisition of TJO, but expect them to decline when compared to the third quarter of 2007, primarily due to slower new sales growth than anticipated, and the deferral of a significant customer survey which has been rescheduled to be performed during 2008.
Cost of Revenues (excluding depreciation and amortization). Cost of revenues increased approximately $2.0 million, or 82.3%, to $4.3 million for the three months ended September 30, 2007 from $2.4 million for the three months ended September 30, 2006. Cost of revenues as a percentage of revenues increased to 36.7% of revenues for the three months ended September 30, 2007 from 31.8% of revenues for the three months ended September 30, 2006. Cost of revenues for HealthStream Learning increased approximately $428,000 and approximated 34.1% and 32.7% of revenues for the three months ended September 30, 2007 and 2006, respectively. This expense increase is primarily related to increased royalties paid by us associated with increases in courseware and training subscriptions as well as incremental costs to support our customers in connection with their transition to our new HLC platform. Cost of revenues for HealthStream Research increased approximately $1.5 million and approximated 40.3% and 28.7% of revenues for the three months ended September 30, 2007 and 2006, respectively. The expense increase and increase as a percentage of revenue for HealthStream Research resulted primarily from the TJO acquisition.
We expect cost of revenues during the fourth quarter of 2007 to increase for both HealthStream Learning and HealthStream Research when compared to the same quarter in the prior year. Cost of revenues for HealthStream Learning is expected to increase as we continue to grow our courseware subscription revenues and provide HLC implementation and other project based services. Cost of revenues for HealthStream Research is expected to increase primarily as a result of the TJO acquisition.
Gross Margin (excluding depreciation and amortization). Gross margin (which we define as revenues less cost of revenues divided by revenues) declined to 63.3% of revenues for the three months ended September 30, 2007 from 68.2% of revenues for the three months ended September 30, 2006. The decline in gross margin resulted primarily from increased cost of revenues for both HealthStream Learning and HealthStream Research discussed above. Gross margins for HealthStream Learning were 65.9% and 67.3% for the three months ended September 30, 2007 and 2006, respectively. Gross margins for HealthStream Research were 59.7% and 71.3% for the three months ended September 30, 2007 and 2006, respectively. We expect gross margins to decline modestly during the fourth quarter of 2007 when compared to the fourth quarter of 2006 resulting from the expected changes in revenue mix discussed above and from the growth in HealthStream Research.
Product Development. Product development expenses increased approximately $274,000, or 30.8%, to $1.2 million for the three months ended September 30, 2007 from $891,000 for the three months ended September 30, 2006. Product development as a percentage of revenues decreased to 9.9% for the three months ended September 30, 2007 from 11.9% for the three months ended September 30, 2006. Product development expenses for HealthStream Learning increased approximately $238,000, and approximated 14.6% and 13.1% of revenues for the three months ended September 30, 2007 and 2006, respectively. This increase is the result of additional personnel and contract labor associated with development and maintenance of our learning products as well as the addition of product portfolio management personnel. Product development expenses for HealthStream Research increased approximately $38,000 due to additional personnel and approximated 2.7% and 5.7% of revenues for the three months ended September 30, 2007 and 2006, respectively. We expect product development expenses for the fourth quarter of 2007 to increase compared to the prior year quarter, but remain comparable as a percentage of revenues.

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Sales and Marketing. Sales and marketing expenses, including personnel costs, increased approximately $646,000, or 39.2%, to $2.3 million for the three months ended September 30, 2007 from $1.6 million for the three months ended September 30, 2006. This increase is primarily associated with incremental personnel and related expenses resulting from the TJO acquisition, as well as incremental HealthStream Learning personnel and increased sales commissions. These expense increases were partially offset by lower marketing spending. Sales and marketing expenses approximated 19.4% and 22.0% of revenues for the three months ended September 30, 2007 and 2006, respectively.
Sales and marketing expenses for HealthStream Learning increased $143,000 and approximated 22.3% and 23.7% of revenues for the three months ended September 30, 2007 and 2006, respectively. The increase in expenses is associated with additional sales personnel and commissions, while the decrease as a percentage revenue is due to the increase in revenue. Sales and marketing expenses for HealthStream Research increased $525,000 and approximated 15.0% and 13.4% of revenues for the three months ended September 30, 2007 and 2006, respectively. This increase is primarily associated with the TJO acquisition. We expect sales and marketing expenses for the fourth quarter of 2007 to increase over the prior year fourth quarter, but remain comparable as a percentage of revenues.
Depreciation and Amortization. Depreciation and amortization increased approximately $558,000, or 73.4%, to $1.3 million for the three months ended September 30, 2007 from $759,000 for the three months ended September 30, 2006. Depreciation, which is included in the unallocated corporate function, increased $185,000 resulting from new capital expenditures during the current year. The amortization increase of $372,000 resulted from TJO intangible asset amortization and amortization of capitalized software feature enhancements associated with the new HLC platform and other content assets. Amortization for HealthStream Learning increased $169,000, or 65.6%, and approximated 6.2% and 4.4% of revenues for the three months ended September 30, 2007 and 2006, respectively. This increase is primarily associated with amortization of capitalized software feature enhancements associated with the new HLC platform and other content assets. Amortization for HealthStream Research increased $203,000, or 159.8%, and approximated 6.6% and 7.6% of revenues for the three months ended September 30, 2007 and 2006, respectively. The expense increase is associated with the TJO acquisition, while the decrease as a percentage revenue is due to the increase in revenue.
We expect depreciation and amortization to increase during the fourth quarter of 2007 when compared to the prior year fourth quarter. These increases will result from new capital expenditure depreciation, amortization of TJO intangible assets, and amortization of capitalized software feature enhancements.
Other General and Administrative. Other general and administrative expense increased approximately $457,000, or 30.3%, to $2.0 million for the three months ended September 30, 2007 from $1.5 million for the three months ended September 30, 2006. This increase is primarily due to the TJO acquisition. Other general and administrative expense as a percentage of revenues was 16.7% and 20.2% for the three months ended September 30, 2007 and 2006, respectively.
Other general and administrative expense for HealthStream Learning decreased $46,000 compared to the prior year quarter, primarily due to lower personnel costs. Other general and administrative expense for HealthStream Research increased $526,000 over the prior year quarter, primarily from the TJO acquisition. The unallocated corporate portion of other general and administrative expense decreased $22,000 over the prior year quarter primarily associated with fewer corporate level personnel. We expect other general and administrative expense for the fourth quarter of 2007 to increase when compared to the fourth quarter of 2006, but remain comparable or decline slightly as a percentage of revenues.
Other Income (Expense). Other income (expense) decreased approximately $139,000, or 84.0%, to $26,000 for the three months ended September 30, 2007 from $165,000 for the three months ended September 30, 2006. Interest income from cash and investments in marketable securities decreased $128,000 resulting from lower cash and investments balances during 2007. Interest expense increased $11,000 over the prior year quarter associated with the revolving credit facility and other long term debt.
Provision for Income Taxes. The provision for income taxes for the three months ended September 30, 2007 is associated with federal alternative minimum tax. Taxable income for 2007 is expected to be substantially offset by the utilization of our operating loss carryforwards.
Net Income. Net income was approximately $739,000, or $0.03 per diluted share, for the three months ended September 30, 2007 up from $474,000, or $0.02 per diluted share, for the three months ended September 30, 2006. This improvement is primarily a result of the favorable impact from the TJO acquisition, but was somewhat offset by the other factors mentioned above. We expect net income for the fourth quarter of 2007 to range between $0.03 and $0.04 per diluted share. We expect full year 2007 net income to range between $0.08 and $0.09 per diluted share.

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Nine Months Ended September 30, 2007 Compared to Nine Months Ended September 30, 2006
Revenues. Revenues increased approximately $8.7 million, or 37.6%, to $32.0 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2007 from $23.2 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2006. Revenues for 2007 consisted of $19.8 million, or 62.0% of total revenue for HealthStream Learning and $12.2 million, or 38.0% of total revenue for HealthStream Research. In 2006, revenues consisted of $18.4 million, or 79.4% of total revenue for HealthStream Learning and $4.8 million, or 20.6% of total revenue for HealthStream Research. HealthStream Learning revenue growth of $1.4 million over the prior year included $2.0 million from our Internet-based subscription products, which includes revenue increases from the HLC of $1.1 million, courseware subscriptions and online training services (RepDirect™) of $814,000, and HospitalDirect™ of $111,000. Revenues from these products increased 14.6% over the prior year and approximated $15.8 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2007. The remaining revenue growth came from custom online courseware development services which increased $352,000 and implementation and consulting services which increased $124,000 over the prior year. This growth was partially offset by a decline in revenues from our live event business of $856,000, primarily associated with a significant, biannual live event which occurred in 2006, as well as declines in other project-based services and maintenance and support fees from our installed learning management product. HealthStream Research revenue growth primarily resulted from the TJO acquisition, while our organic Research business experienced a change in revenue mix resulting in a modest revenue increase compared to the prior year.
Cost of Revenues (excluding depreciation and amortization). Cost of revenues increased approximately $3.5 million, or 43.1%, to $11.6 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2007 from $8.1 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2006. Cost of revenues as a percentage of revenue increased modestly and approximated 36.3% and 34.9% of revenues for the nine months ended September 30, 2007 and 2006, respectively. Cost of revenues for HealthStream Learning increased $45,000 and approximated 34.2% and 36.5% of revenues for the nine months ended September 30, 2007 and 2006, respectively. The mix of expenses changed resulting in expense decreases from the live event business, primarily due to a significant biannual live event that occurred during the first half of 2006. This expense reduction was partially offset by increased labor costs to support customers in connection with their transition to our new HLC platform, as well as increased royalties paid by us associated with increased courseware and training subscription revenues. Cost of revenues for HealthStream Research increased $3.5 million and approximated 39.8% and 28.9% of revenues for the nine months ended September 30, 2007 and 2006, respectively. The primary expense increases resulted from the TJO acquisition and higher direct costs resulting from changes in revenue mix from the organic Research business.
Gross Margin (excluding depreciation and amortization). Gross margin (which we define as revenues less cost of revenues divided by revenues) was 63.7% and 65.1% for the nine months ended September 30, 2007 and 2006, respectively. Gross margins for HealthStream Learning were 65.8% and 63.5% for the nine months ended September 30, 2007 and 2006, respectively. This improvement resulted from the change in revenue mix and related cost of revenues discussed above. Gross margins for HealthStream Research were 60.2% and 71.1% for the nine months ended September 30, 2007 and 2006, respectively. This decrease resulted from changes in revenue mix and the addition of TJO personnel and related direct costs. Gross margins for the TJO portion of HealthStream Research are lower than the organic portion of the Research business.
Product Development. Product development expenses increased approximately $727,000, or 27.8%, to $3.3 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2007 from $2.6 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2006. Product development expenses as a percentage of revenues was 10.5% and 11.3% of revenues for the nine months ended September 30, 2007 and 2006, respectively. Product development expenses for HealthStream Learning increased $635,000 and approximated 14.5% and 12.1% of revenues for the nine months ended September 30, 2007 and 2006, respectively. The increase resulted from additional personnel and contract labor associated with the development and maintenance of our learning products as well as the addition of product portfolio management personnel. Product development expenses for HealthStream Research increased $109,000 and approximated 3.2% and 5.8% of revenues for the nine months ended September 30, 2007 and 2006, respectively, primarily due to additional product development personnel.
Sales and Marketing. Sales and marketing expenses increased approximately $1.5 million, or 29.0%, to $6.8 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2007 from $5.3 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2006. This increase is primarily associated with incremental personnel and related expenses resulting from the TJO acquisition, as well as additional HealthStream Learning personnel and sales commissions. These expense increases were partially offset by lower marketing spending, including lower expenses associated with our Annual Learning Summit. As a percentage of revenues, sales and marketing expenses decreased to 21.4% of revenues for the nine months ended September 30, 2007 from 22.9% of revenues for the nine months ended September 30, 2006, due to the increase in revenue.
Sales and marketing expenses for HealthStream Learning increased $370,000 and approximated 24.6% and 24.4% of revenues for the nine months ended September 30, 2007 and 2006, respectively. This expense increase resulted from incremental sales personnel and sales commissions. Sales and marketing expenses for HealthStream Research increased $1.2 million and approximated 15.5% and 13.6% of revenues for the nine months ended September 30, 2007 and 2006, respectively. A significant portion of this expense increase is associated with the TJO acquisition.
Depreciation and Amortization. Depreciation and amortization increased approximately $1.3 million, or 62.8%, to $3.4 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2007 from $2.1 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2006. Depreciation, which is included in the

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unallocated corporate function, increased $353,000 resulting from new capital expenditures and from assets acquired in the TJO acquisition. Amortization increased $947,000 resulting from capitalized software feature enhancements and TJO intangible asset amortization. Amortization for HealthStream Learning increased $501,000, or 77.3%, and approximated 5.8% and 3.5% of revenues for the nine months ended September 30, 2007 and 2006, respectively. This increase is primarily associated with amortization of capitalized software feature enhancements associated with the new HLC platform and other content assets. Amortization for HealthStream Research increased $448,000, or 117.4%, and approximated 6.8% and 8.0% of revenues for the nine months ended September 30, 2007 and 2006, respectively. The expense increase is associated with the TJO acquisition, while the decrease as a percentage revenue is due to the increase in revenue.
Other General and Administrative. Other general and administrative expenses increased approximately $1.6 million, or 38.4%, to $5.7 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2007 from $4.1 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2006. A significant portion of the increase resulted from the TJO acquisition, while other expense increases were associated with additional corporate personnel and contract labor. Other general and administrative expense as a percentage of revenues were 17.9% and 17.8% for the nine months ended September 30, 2007 and 2006, respectively. Other general and administrative expense for HealthStream Learning was comparable between periods. Other general and administrative expense for HealthStream Research increased $1.2 million over the same period of the prior year, primarily resulting from the TJO acquisition. Other general and administrative expense for the unallocated corporate functions increased $421,000 over the prior year associated with additional personnel and contract labor.
Other Income (Expense). Other income (expense) decreased approximately $265,000, or 58.5%, to $188,000 for the nine months ended September 30, 2007 from $452,000 for the nine months ended September 30, 2006. Interest income from cash and investments in marketable securities decreased $250,000 resulting from lower cash and investments balances during 2007. Interest expense increased $14,000 over the prior year associated with the revolving credit facility and other long term debt.
Provision for Income Taxes. The provision for income taxes for the nine months ended September 30, 2007 is associated with federal alternative minimum tax. Taxable income for 2007 is expected to be substantially offset by the utilization of our operating loss carryforwards.
Net Income. Net income was approximately $1.2 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2007 down from $1.4 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2006. This decline is a result of the factors mentioned above.
Liquidity and Capital Resources
Since our inception, we have financed our operations largely through proceeds from our initial public offering, private placements of equity securities, loans from banks and related parties and, to an increasing extent, from revenues generated from the sale of our products and services.
Net cash provided by operating activities was approximately $5.6 million during the nine months ended September 30, 2007 compared to $3.1 million during the nine months ended September 30, 2006. The improvement over the prior year primarily resulted from growth in our business, including the TJO acquisition, and related cash receipts from customers. The significant uses of cash for operating activities during 2007 and 2006 included personnel expenses and other direct expenses to support our business, payment of royalties to content partners, payment of year-end 2006 and 2005 bonuses to employees, and purchases of content. Our days sales outstanding (DSO, which we calculate by dividing the accounts receivable balance, excluding unbilled and other receivables, by average daily revenues for the period) approximated 65 days for the nine months ended September 30, 2007 compared to 52 days for the nine months ended September 30, 2006. The increase in DSO is reflective of delays in cash receipts from some HealthStream Learning customers. The decline in current assets since December 31, 2006 resulted primarily from the utilization of cash to fund the TJO acquisition, and the increase in current liabilities primarily relates to acquired deferred revenue balances from the TJO acquisition.
Net cash used in investing activities approximated $13.5 million during the nine months ended September 30, 2007 compared to $2.3 million during the nine months ended September 30, 2006. The increased use of cash during 2007 primarily resulted from the TJO acquisition, which consumed approximately $12.1 million, and $3.2 million paid for capitalized software feature enhancements and property and equipment purchases, which were partially offset by cash received from the sale of investments in marketable securities. During the nine months ended September 30, 2006, our primary use of cash was for software feature enhancements and purchases of property and equipment, and was partially offset by proceeds from sales in excess of purchases of investments in marketable securities.
Cash used in financing activities was approximately $56,000 for the nine months ended September 30, 2007, while $512,000 of cash was provided by financing activities during the nine months ended September 30, 2006. The primary uses of cash in 2007 related to payments of long term debt and capital lease obligations, and was partially offset by cash proceeds from stock option exercises and purchases under our Employee Stock Purchase Plan. The decrease compared to the prior year is a result of fewer exercises of stock options and additional debt payments.

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On September 20, 2007, our Board of Directors authorized us to purchase up to $3,000,000 of our common stock over a one year period. No shares were repurchased during the quarter ended September 30, 2007.
As of September 30, 2007, our primary source of liquidity was $2.8 million of cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash, and interest receivable. The Company also has $15.0 million of availability under our revolving credit facility, which matures in July 2009 and bears interest at a variable rate based on the 30 Day LIBOR Rate plus 150 basis points. We believe this loan agreement provides us additional ability to fund investments within our business, stock repurchases, or any potential future business acquisitions. There were no amounts outstanding under this revolving credit facility as of September 30, 2007.
As a result of the acquisition of TJO, our working capital has declined from positive levels at December 31, 2006, both due to use of cash and the addition of significant deferred revenue balances. We believe that our existing cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash, related interest receivable, as well as cash generated from operations, and available borrowings under our revolving credit facility will be sufficient to meet anticipated cash needs for working capital, new product development and capital expenditures, and stock repurchases for at least the next 12 months. As part of our growth strategy, we are actively reviewing possible acquisitions that complement our products and services. We anticipate that any potential future acquisitions would be effected through a combination of stock and cash consideration. We may need to raise additional capital through the issuance of equity or debt securities and/or borrowings under our revolving credit facility, or other facility, to finance any future acquisitions. The issuance of our stock as consideration for an acquisition would have a dilutive effect and could adversely affect our stock price. There can be no assurance that additional sources of financing will be available to us on acceptable terms, or at all, to consummate any acquisitions. Failure to generate sufficient cash flow from operations or raise additional capital when required in sufficient amounts and on terms acceptable to us could harm our business, financial condition and results of operations.
Commitments and Contingencies
We expect that our capital expenditures for the remainder of 2007 will approximate $1.0 million, and will be associated with continued development of HLC platform enhancements as well as related hardware and software, product investments, including our new Competency product, and integration of TJO. We expect to fund these capital expenditures with existing cash balances, cash generated from operations, and if needed, from our revolving credit facility. We may also enter into lease agreements for some of these asset purchases.
Our strategic alliances have typically provided for payments to content partners based on revenues and development partners and other parties based on services rendered. We expect to continue similar arrangements in the future. We also have commitments for our live event services associated with securing hotel arrangements, which are typically fully funded from commercial support grants. During 2007, we entered into a loan agreement associated with a multi-year agreement for software licenses totaling approximately $2.1 million. Payments under this loan agreement are due monthly over a three year period. We also have capital lease obligations for computer hardware and operating lease commitments for our operating facilities in Nashville, TN, Franklin, TN, Laurel, MD and Denver, CO.
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk
We are exposed to market risk from changes in interest rates. We do not have any foreign currency exchange rate risk or commodity price risk. As of September 30, 2007, our outstanding indebtedness includes a promissory note of approximately $1.9 million and approximately $190,000 of capital lease obligations. We may become subject to interest rate market risk associated with borrowings under our revolving credit facility, which bears interest at a variable rate based on the 30 Day LIBOR Rate plus 150 basis points, the combination of which was 6.62% at September 30, 2007. We are also exposed to market risk with respect to our cash balances. At September 30, 2007, the Company had cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash, and related interest receivable totaling approximately $2.8 million. Current rates of return approximate 5.0-5.5%. Assuming a 5.25% rate of return on $2.8 million, a hypothetical 10% decrease in interest rates would decrease interest income and decrease net income on an annualized basis by approximately $14,700.
The Company manages its investment risk by investing in corporate debt securities, foreign corporate debt, secured corporate debt, and municipal debt securities with minimum acceptable credit ratings. For certificates of deposit and corporate obligations, ratings must be A2/A or better; A1/P1 or better for commercial paper; A2/A or better for taxable or tax advantaged auction rate securities and AAA or better for tax free auction rate securities. The Company also requires that all securities must mature within 24 months from the original settlement date, the average portfolio shall not exceed 18 months, and the greater of 10% or $5.0 million shall mature within 90 days. Further, the Company’s investment policy also limits concentration exposure and other potential risk areas. As of September 30, 2007, we maintained no investments in marketable securities.
The above market risk discussion and the estimated amounts presented are forward-looking statements of market risk assuming the occurrence of certain adverse market conditions. Actual results in the future may differ materially from those projected as a result of actual developments in the market.

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Item 4T. Controls and Procedures
Evaluation of Controls and Procedures
HealthStream’s chief executive officer and principal financial officer have reviewed and evaluated the effectiveness of the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) promulgated under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the “Exchange Act”)) as of the end of the period covered by this quarterly report. Based on that evaluation, the chief executive officer and principal financial officer have concluded that HealthStream’s disclosure controls and procedures were effective to ensure that the information required to be disclosed by the Company in the reports the Company files or submits under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the Securities and Exchange Commission’s rules and forms, and the information required to be disclosed in the reports the Company files or submits under the Exchange Act was accumulated and communicated to the Company’s management, including its principal executive and principal financial officer, or persons performing similar functions, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.
Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
There was no change in HealthStream’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the period covered by this quarterly report that has materially affected, or that is reasonably likely to materially affect, HealthStream’s internal control over financial reporting.
PART II - OTHER INFORMATION
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds.
On September 20, 2007, the Company’s Board of Directors authorized the Company to purchase up to $3,000,000 of its common stock over a one year period. The table below sets forth activity under the stock repurchase plan for the quarter ended September 30, 2007:
                                 
                            (d)  
                    (c)     Maximum number (or  
                    Total number of shares (or     approximate dollar value) of  
    (a)     (b)     units) purchased as part of     shares (or units) that may yet be  
    Total number of shares     Average price paid per share     publicly announced plans or     purchased under the plans or  
Period   (or units) purchased     (or unit)     programs     programs  
Month #1 (July 1 – July 31) (1)
        $           $  
Month #2 (August 1 – August 31) (1)
                       
Month # 3 (September 1 – September 30)
                      3,000,000  
 
                       
Total
        $           $ 3,000,000  
 
                       
 
(1) – The stock repurchase plan was not in place during this period.
Item 6. Exhibits
     (a) Exhibits
  31.1   – Certification of the Chief Executive Officer Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
 
  31.2   – Certification of the Principal Financial Officer Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
 
  32.1   – Certification Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as Adopted Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
 
  32.2   – Certification Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as Adopted Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

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SIGNATURE
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
         
  HEALTHSTREAM, INC.
 
 
  By:   /s/ Arthur E. Newman    
    Arthur E. Newman   
    Chief Financial Officer
November 9, 2007 
 

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HEALTHSTREAM, INC.
EXHIBIT INDEX
31.1   Certification of the Chief Executive Officer Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
 
31.2   Certification of the Principal Financial Officer Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
 
32.1   Certification Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as Adopted Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
 
32.2   Certification Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as Adopted Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

 

 

Exhibit 31.1
I, Robert A. Frist, Jr., certify that:
1. I have reviewed this quarterly report on Form 10-Q of HealthStream, Inc.;
2. Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;
3. Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;
4. The registrant’s other certifying officer and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) for the registrant and have:
a) designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;
b) evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and
c) disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and
5. The registrant’s other certifying officer and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):
a) all significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and
b) any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.
         
     
Date: November 9, 2007  /s/ robert a. frist, Jr.    
  Robert A. Frist, Jr.   
  Chief Executive Officer   

 

 

         
Exhibit 31.2
I, Arthur E. Newman, certify that:
1. I have reviewed this quarterly report on Form 10-Q of HealthStream, Inc.;
2. Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;
3. Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;
4. The registrant’s other certifying officer and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) for the registrant and have:
a) designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;
b) evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and
c) disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and
5. The registrant’s other certifying officer and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):
a) all significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and
b) any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.
         
     
Date: November 9, 2007  /s/ Arthur E. Newman    
  Arthur E. Newman   
  Chief Financial Officer   

 

 

         
Exhibit 32.1
CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO
18 U.S.C. SECTION 1350,
AS ADOPTED PURSUANT TO
SECTION 906 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002
In connection with the Quarterly Report of HealthStream, Inc. (the “Company”) on Form 10-Q for the period ending September 30, 2007, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on the date hereof (the “Report”), Robert A. Frist, Jr., Chief Executive Officer of the Company certifies, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, that:
  (1)   The Report fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934; and
 
  (2)   The information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of the Company.
     
/s/ robert a. frist, Jr.
   
 
Robert A. Frist, Jr.
   
Chief Executive Officer
   
November 9, 2007
   

 

 

Exhibit 32.2
CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO
18 U.S.C. SECTION 1350,
AS ADOPTED PURSUANT TO
SECTION 906 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002
In connection with the Quarterly Report of HealthStream, Inc. (the “Company”) on Form 10-Q for the period ending September 30, 2007, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on the date hereof (the “Report”), Arthur E. Newman, Chief Financial Officer of the Company certifies, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, that:
  (1)   The Report fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934; and
 
  (2)   The information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of the Company.
     
/s/ Arthur E. Newman
   
Arthur E. Newman
   
Chief Financial Officer
   
November 9, 2007